Nietzsche 's Influence On The Twentieth Century Essay

1567 Words Mar 6th, 2016 null Page
Although nineteenth century German philosopher, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche only lived for the first year of the twentieth century, the influence he exerted in it was great. Born in 1844 in Röcken, modern-day Germany, Nietzsche’s work did not achieve much significance during his own lifetime. However, after his death in 1900, his work rose to prominence and left a substantial impact on public thought within the twentieth century. Greatness, therefore for the purpose of this essay will be defined as the quality of having a significant and lasting influence on many facets of society. It will be argued that Nietzsche’s greatness within the twentieth century was the result of his influence on thought in the era, specifically in the fields of philosophy, psychology and political ideology. The following topics will be examined in order to demonstrate Nietzsche’s influence within the twentieth century and subsequently his greatness within the era: the impact of his work on notable twentieth century existentialist philosophers Karl Jaspers, Martin Heidegger and Albert Camus; his influence on psychologists Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung; and the impression his work had on political ideology within the century.

In order to examine how Nietzsche’s work impacted philosophy, psychology and political ideology, it is first essential to understand Nietzsche’s key philosophical concepts. Throughout his work he developed major themes and concepts, many of which remain controversial today…

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