Niccolo Machiavelli is a famous statesman, thinker and one of the founders of modern political science. He was born in the year 1469 at Florence. That is the age of political chaos. The whole country was separated to city governments。In this case, he wrote his masterpiece, The Price, which to be as much praised as blamed. Machiavelli used terse and forceful words elaborate his argument, which had a profound influence in history.
There is no denying that Machiavelli was one of the controversial thinkers in history. In this research paper, I will focus on the Niccolo Machiavelli and The Prince, makes a detailed introduction of who was Nicclo Machiavelli and explain why did he write The Prince. …show more content…
According to the logic of Machiavelli, the politicians need to keep the independent judgment for the political. They need to consider how to succeed in politics, which is much more important that the morally correct. The morality of Machiavelli thought should have two kinds, the public virtue and the private virtue. The public morality emphasized a kind of public good. If a man does some evil deed for the national interest, the man still has a public virtue. Machiavelli argued that the ruler or the politicians could achieve national goals with various ways, which include both angle and evil deed. “ Therefore, a prince must not worry about the infamy of being considered cruel when it is a matter of keeping his subjects united and loyal” ，“A prince, and especially a new prince, cannot observe all those things for which men are considered good, because in order to maintain the state he must often act against his faith, against charity, against humanity, and against religion”Form these two sentence, we can clearly understand that the public virtue of Machiavelli can be realized by the evil deed. The division of two kinds of virtue doesn’t mean that Machiavelli deny the importance of private virtue. In his opinion, private virtue should play an important role within a range, like transforming man ' s ideology and cultivate good personality.
As above-mentioned, we must clear that Machiavelli is not the person who advocated bad morality. On the contrary, he thought that the morality and religious would have a great influence of society. He also thought that a country would not have a good organization without good virtue. So we must combined with the specific time and background when we try to understand who was Niccolo Machiavelli and why he wrote the book. Otherwise, it will result in many misunderstanding of