National Constituent Assembly Essay

1591 Words Sep 25th, 1999 7 Pages
To what extent did the reforms of the Constituent Assembly create discontent?

The National Constituent Assembly solved some of Frances short term problems, but caused significant discontent due to its inability to resolve long term problems, that had been destroying France economically, politically and socially. There were some groups of society that were quite content with the reforms of the Constituent Assembly, such as a majority of the bourgeoisie, peasants who gained from the abolition of the Feudal system, and some members of the first and second Estate. However, many other people and groups, such as King Louis XVI, Nobles who had become emigres after losing their land, clergy who had refused to swear allegiance to the new
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Freedom of press was also introduced, and for the first time, journalists were writing unbiased articles and pamphlets. The highest offices in public life, such as politics, law and the army, were made open to any men of ability, which encouraged a sense of patriotism. The reforms made over 1790 and 1791 were prosperous, but the Constituent Assembly should have known that you can only satisfy some of the people some of the time, never all of the people, all of the time. Most of the reforms made, seemed democratic, but were really just keeping the power in the hands of the Bourgeoisie - who had sacrificed many peoples beliefs and traditions to fulfil their own goals. Soon enough, and among many groups of society, a great cloud of discontent began to emerge. A growing discontent, along with a decreasing sense of unity, will always act as a catalyst, in a nation seeking change.

The end of feudalism brought changes to many traditions, customs and political structures that had governed France for centuries, and so as expected, it created much discontent. When the Estates system was abolished, Nobles lost their privileges and their land, those that didn't conform fled to foreign countries and became emigres. Some plotted against France, and vowed to return and end the revolution. These accusations were thought to be only rumours, until King Louis himself, obviously unhappy with the abolishment of his absolutism, was

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