Mongol Influence On Eurasia

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Mongol impact on Eurasia throughout the 13th and 14th centuries was extremely influential, changing the course of the world in many ways, although the ruthlessness of the Mongols was very destructive in nature. The impact of the Mongols is shown through their barbaric actions (Documents 1, 2, 3, and 9) which can be characterized by their hygiene and their mass slaying of anyone who defied them—women and children included. Mongol influence is also apparent through economy (Documents 4, 5, 6, and 9), because they forced citizens to pay tribute and spread paper money throughout the world, and lastly they had influence through contributions to conquered lands and the world as a whole (Documents 6, 7, 8, and 10) largely by many technological innovations …show more content…
In 1206, the year Genghis Khan seized control of the Mongols, Genghis Khan spoke to his men regarding their upcoming conquest of China. He told them that the best actions a man can carry out are slaying his enemies, stealing from his enemies, raping wives and daughters, and pillaging opposing villages (Document 1). This demonstrates the mindset of the Mongols and what they did to affect the people of Eurasia, which was creating terror. According to an account of Franciscan Friar John in 1307, the Mongols had grown too old in idolatry, meaning they were ultimately religionless (Document 2). By the Europeans, this is ultimately looked down upon and considered uncivilized, because they would most likely have no morals that come with religion. A Muslim historian, al-Atir, reported in the early 13th century that …show more content…
In 1498, a Muslim historian named Abi-l’Hair reported that the Mongols tried to ruin their economic system with paper money (Document 4). They forced those they conquered to use a trading system unfamiliar to most, which created confusion but ultimately progressed society. The Mongols also forced people to pay tribute, especially in Russia (Document 5). This vastly changed the system of serfdom previously which previously dominated Russia. The Mongols, or Golden Horde, made the Russians pay tribute to the prince, upsetting Russians. Al-Atir also documented that the Mongols conquered almost all of Eurasia, including the most populated and prosperous regions (Document 9). This accomplishment allowed the Mongols to control nearly all significant trade in the known world, especially trade on the Silk Road, emphasizing the power they had in the world economy. Marco Polo also wrote that the powerful khan forced everyone under his control to use paper money in their unique economic system (Document 6). This also shows how the Mongols had control of the flow of currency in their empire. Polo, an Italian merchant concerned with money, spent quite some time (17 years) in China trading as well as observing the Chinese market. He wrote this to document how they used paper money for market, though he may be biased because of

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