Modernism, Modernisation and Modernity in Australia, 1919 –1939

1910 Words May 8th, 2013 8 Pages
Modernism, Modernisation and Modernity in Australia, 1919 –1939

Lighting the Way: New technologies, new materials, new cities.

Modernism transformed life in Australia across five tumultuous decades from 1917 to 1967 , it spans all aspect of Australian culture including art, design, architecture, advertising, film, photography and fashion. The process of modernisation has had a profound affect, changing our perspectives and the course of our everyday living.

Change is inevitable, man-made environments are changing all the time, people are getting higher, living in apartments and skyscrapers, human subconscious perspective is changing the world. Towards the end of the 19th century, newly creative forces were emerging, which looked
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Australia’s city skylines began to grow to new heights, transforming cities like Melbourne into Metropolis powerhouse’s, buildings were being constructed with steel frames, elevators and escalators allowed easier travelling between floors. New tram and railway systems were being put in place and cities were moving faster than ever.

The Commercial Palazzo was the most common building type, combining Italian villa’s, Paris and the height limit of Chicago, its prominent features are its general shape and design, slim and neat vertical windows and smoothly finished stone work façade.
Buildings such as the Capitol House and Theatre feature truly magnificent architecture, taking on a modern chicagoesque design. Known for its spectacular ceiling, which is based on organic design principals of natural orders and are composed in a way, which is both evocative and modern, thousands of lamps with varying colour hues are hidden amongst the plaster panels, creating a crystalline cave affect. It should also be noted for a number of pioneering concepts such as early use of reinforced concrete and stained glass details.

City road’s were taking on more and more punishment from increased traffic, and so binding of local gravels with tar and bitumen, produced asphalt, which was introduced the 1920s to provide a durable, less dusty surfacing suitable for motorist’s.
Transportation in Australia was changing. Moving forward is a key element in the modern movement, from carriages

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