Mesopotamia and Egypt Essay before 600 BC

909 Words Jan 5th, 2014 4 Pages
Mesopotamia and Egypt

Ancient civilizations across history have shown unique and incredible feats of mankind. Arguably, two of the most prominent ancient civilizations in the Middle East and even the world are the Mesopotamians (Beginning 5,000 B.C.) and Egyptians (Beginning 3,150 B.C). Even though these two civilizations peaked about 2,000 years apart, they share numerous similarities contributing to their success, and also show even more differences that distinguish how each had a unique culture and way of life. Both civilizations excelled at feeding and supporting large populations of people. This was done largely because both had techniques that allowed them to excel in farming and agriculture. Mesopotamia had fertile valleys
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Last but not least, Mesopotamia and Egypt both had systems of writing but with different styles/types such as Cuneiform and Hieroglyphics, and also with religion on Polytheism, they had different gods that they believed in. Mesopotamia had Cuneiform adapted from Sumerians and were laws written on clay tablets, such as the Laws Of Hammurabi were written on a clay tablet, they were basically laws about social statuses, punishments, slave versus free man. Egypt had their own called Hieroglyphs that combined logographic and alphabetic elements, used for religious literature to record and communicate information about religion and government. Written on papyrus and wood. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt shared and differed beliefs, they both had the practice of Polytheism meaning of belief of many gods. They both believed that they were created by gods and that a person’s sole role was to serve the gods. Egyptians were very strict about this servitude by giving efforts to provide for the gods and gain their favor. The Egyptians tried their hardest to show the gods they obey and followed their rules, they built pyramids to honor them, they had faith if they did well by the gods the gods would do well by them in the “afterlife”. Egyptians “mummified” Pharaohs because they believed that they would live in the afterlife.While Mesopotamians were more relaxed in their religious practice. The Mesopotamians made statues to show respect and support to their

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