The Influence Of Media On Crime

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The media shapes people’s perceptions on crime, which also has a negative effect on attitudes and behaviour. Whilst the media creates not only a fallacy of realism, but there are also numerous ways in which the media could possibly cause crime and deviance too, due to the enormous media coverage one perceives. For example, Schramm et al (1961) states that “television is harmful”. Throughout I will be discussing how the media creates different perceptions and adapts attitudes which relate to the media using immediacy, dramatisation which is the notion of creating action and excitement, personalisation the concept of what will be of human interest about individuals for the population, unexpectedness the idea of a “new angle”, distortion, risk …show more content…
Due to frequent presentation of random violence in the media it has been argued to increase the SAL licence of crime in the individual’s lives and heighten their assessment of risk and make them more fearful, creating perceptions and attitudes on crime due to the media. People get information on crime from mass media rather than personal experience (Grabber 1980), and this creates a distorted image of reality. People who have lower rates of criminal victimisation such as the elderly, wealthy and whites, create their own perception on crime and therefore become more fearful. This is a result of media consumption. Those who are more likely to become criminally victimised such as the poor do not have access to the media. Viewing TV news appears to generate more fear of crime than watching other types of TV programmes or reading the newspaper, which suggests both media channels and genres are relevant in shaping consumer’s perceptions (O’Keefe and Reid-Nash 1987). Chiricos et al (1997) find that the frequency of watching television news and listening to the news on the radio is significantly related to fear. (Journal of Criminal Justice and Popular Culture 2003;01). This is because when you head about crime related stories in the news they invoke a stronger visceral and emotional response than one would get from reading about it. …show more content…
This is the initial concept of labelling potential criminals before their case has even been heard before a jury. The impact of television and newspaper coverage has had a tremendous impact on the way ‘criminals’ are perceived. This is done by creating a bad prejudgment of that person, e.g. creating images that the person is/may be a criminal even if he/she may be innocent. The idea of “innocent until proven guilty “is not considered viable due to the way that the media creates false concepts of people. “Special laws play an important role in protecting a jury from being influenced or prejudiced by media reporting, but every now and then criminal cases hear claims that a defendant cannot get a fair trial because of the media” (Dominic Casciani 2010) This is a very common problem especially when cases are trialled within the magistrates’ court because the jury is made up from the local community and the media has already over emphasised a crime, resulting in the public already deciding on ‘guilty or not’ verdict, concluding in an unfair trial/ stray decisions. “Criminal cases hear claims that a defendant cannot get a fair trial because of the media” (Dominic Casciani 2010). According to The ministry of justice jurors on high-profile cases were seven times more likely to recall media coverage than jurors who served on standard cases. A fifth of jurors in

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