Essay on Marxist vs Functionalist View of Ed

819 Words May 2nd, 2016 4 Pages
The role of education is to educate individuals within society and to prepare them for working life, also to integrate individuals and teach them the norms, values and roles within society. Functionalism and Marxism are the two main perspectives which will be studied; Marxism is a structural conflict sociological theory whereas functionalism is a structural consensus sociological theory.
Functionalism sees society as a whole. It is often referred to as the consensus theory as it does not address the issue of conflict in society. It looks at all the major aspects in society for example the family, the economy, the educational and political system and how
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There are two types of class in society. The bourgeoisie are the ones that owned a means of production and the class of non-owners who he called the working class or proletariat. He believed that the working class were exploited by the bourgeoisie as they had no means of production and had no other option but to work for the upper class. He believed that poor would become poorer and the rich would become richer.
Marxism is concerned with the different experiences within the world of education. They are concerned how some groups often lose out on different opportunities. A good education is the main basis for a child’s future, however the level of education can depend on the amount of money a family has. It tends to be the upper class parents which send their children to private, fee paying schools because they are able to afford it. This leaves the working class children being sent to estate and comprehensive schools, this can give children major drawbacks because they are not given as many opportunities as those children in the fee paying educations due to the schools funding. For example sports facilities are lacking in estate schools meaning the pupils do not get to do a much exercise and extracurricular activities. Furthermore the level of education affects the pupil’s future job. The role allocation theory was created Parsons, and built on by Davis and Moore.

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