Major Environmental Problems in the North Eastern India: Possible Legal and Non-Legal Solutions

2391 Words Jul 2nd, 2011 10 Pages

The North-Eastern India is the land of rising sun in the sub-continent. Assam and other seven sisters including Sikkim consist the whole landmass of the North-Eastern India. The green belt of India, so called land of forest and tribals, the entire north-east region is rich in its natural resources-oil, natural gas, minerals and most importantly valuable forests. The worlds largest river Island 'Majuli' is situated in the heart of the river Brahmaputra. The Kaziranga National Park in the Jorhat district of Assam is the home for the world famous one-homed rhinoceros. The place of highest rainfall in the world "Mousimam" is situated in
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The pits, where drilling effluents are kept, are not scientifically constructed in most of the cases. Capacity of these pits are less, the height of bundhs is low and most of them are located in flood plain areas. Seepage is a common phenomenon from these pits due to which nearby areas are badly affected damaging agricultural fields, crops, vegetation, drinking water sources.

Water bodies, etc. are common in a place where drilling activities are in progress.

As per direction of Government of Assam and Pollution Control Board, Assam these industries are taking following steps to control pollution from drilling sites.

1. Providing waste pit near drilling locations.
2. Providing impervious layer in these pits.
3. Increasing capacity of Drilling well effluent pits. 4. Construction of concrete oil pits.
5. Construction of Ring bundh.
6. Provision of brick was around effluent pit.
7. Raising bundh above the highest flood level.
8. Skimming of floating oils from effluent pit.

Gases, wastewater and oil are separated in the production operation. Separated waste is flared up in an evaporation flare pit.

Due to constant upward movement of the flare and also due to poor construction of flare pit, seepage through the lakes takes place and it is causing problems to the nearby areas. Constant heat and light form the flare pits are also causing problem

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