Lymphoma Is The Third Most Common Cancer Essay

1980 Words Apr 4th, 2016 8 Pages
Lymphoma is type of cancer that affects a person’s lymph nodes. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the seventh most common cancer is the U.S. There were predicted to be over 80,000 new cases in 2015, and as of 2015 there were an “estimated 761,659 people living with, or in remission from lymphoma in the U.S.” It was responsible for nearly 20,000 deaths in 2015, while Hodgkin lymphoma was the cause of over 1,000 deaths in 2015. All is not bad as the survival rate has more than doubled over the past 50 years. Personally, lymphoma was the cause of my dog’s death last winter. This may seem to be a negligible reason for doing a research topic on lymphoma, but losing my best friend to this cancer gave me the interest and passion to research it further.
Lymphoma is a blood cancer that occurs when white blood cells called lymphocytes begin to divide faster or live longer than they are supposed to. When they begin to act abnormally, lymphoma may be present. The spread of lymphoma is not limited to the lymph nodes, it can also occur in the spleen, blood, bone marrow, or a plethora of other organs. Unlike some other cancers, people with an auto immune disease (a disease in which the body’s immune system attacks healthy cells) are more susceptible to those with lymphoma than those without. People with HIV or AIDS have an 11 times higher chance of getting lymphoma than those without.
The cancer derives its namesake from Thomas Hodgkin, one of the most prominent pathologists during the middle of the…

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