Kareem: Causes Of Institutional Racism In American Society

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Have our innocent minds been corrupted in a way that we don’t even realise that institutional racism has caused so many people a great amount of pain? This is something that happens every day yet we don’t pay attention to it since it doesn’t directly involve many of us. Suffering at the hands of the educational system and the government is something that always happens to people with an ethnic background in the United States. This is what we call institutional racism. Today I will be talking about the ways in which institutional racism occurs in American society, causes of institutional racism and how the American government is ensuring that it minimised.

Institutional racism is viewed in many ways within the American society, which was founded
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Institutional racism has many causes within American society. According to Kareem, this began with slavery which originated in 1525 when Africans began to be shipped to the ‘New World’. The practice continued into 1865. Although, initially private, slavery became institutionalized when John Caster, an institutionalised slave himself, sued for not being granted his freedom following the end of his service. The court ruled in the favour of his slave master and he was doomed to (condemned) become a ‘servant for life’, thus the procedure of institutionalised slavery began. Just below half a million Africans were shipped to the US during the slave trade, which formally ended in 1865. This may sound horrific, but the practice of racism against African Americans didn’t end there. American society was founded on the discrimination of slavery which can be recognised in the Jim Crow racial caste system. At the beginning of the 1890’s African Americans were excluded from voting due to the Jim Crow caste system. “Denying black men the right to vote through legal operations and violence was the first step in taking away African Americans rights” claims National Museum of American History. Although they officially had the right to vote, in many states there were laws which made doing so difficult. For example the poll tax laws, which were too costly for many African American voters therefore they could not register to vote. Due to the end of …show more content…
So how is the American government ensuring to do this? Legally, some important steps have been taken. This began with the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which officially ended the Jim Crow Laws. The Civil Rights Act made discrimination in employment based on a person’s race illegal. It has been significantly improved over time to include the theory of “disparate impact” to ensure that if a person who is considered to be a member of a “protected class” (for example race) is discriminated against in a workplace or accommodation it is considered illegal according to FindLaw and journalist Jay Michaelson. The result of this is that racial discrimination is now recognised as an important issue in the workplace; so many employers actively try and prevent it. However the issue still remains that employment law suits are costly and many employees who have experienced racial discrimination cannot afford to hold the employer responsible. The Convention against Discrimination in Education was a United Nations treaty that ruled to end racial segregation in schools. It also stated that each person has the right to a free or private education of their choice and that education should promote tolerance between all racial groups and promote peace. As a member of the United Nations

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