Juvenile Probation : Causes, Processes, Outcomes, And Effects On Juvenilely Delinquent Youth

885 Words Oct 24th, 2016 4 Pages
Juvenile Probation: Causes, Processes, Outcomes, and Effects on Juvenilely Delinquent Youth According to NeMoyer, McKitten, Prelic, Ebbecke, Foster, & Burkard, probation has been used more commonly for juvenile sentencing for over twenty years than any other form of formal disposition (2014.) Juvenile probation accounts for more than 60% of all juvenile delinquent dispositions. (NeMoyer et al., 2014.) Statistics show that 1.9 million juveniles were arrested during the year of 2009 (Barnert, Perry, Azzi, Shetgiri, Ryan, Dudovitz, Zima, Chung, 2015; Choate, Manton, 2014) and 1.6 million juvenile arrests in the year of 2010 (Ryan, Abrams, Huang, 2014.) In the year of 2007, 16% of arrests related to violent crimes and 26% of all property crimes were perpetrated by juveniles (Ryan et al., 2011.)
Juveniles are considered delinquent “if they engage in activities prohibited by local, state, or federal legal codes” (Lancaster, Balkin, Garcia, Valarezo, 2011.) Juvenile probation is used as an alternative for juveniles to serving time in confinement, which enables the offenders to “remain in communities to continue school and work obligations, provided they follow court-ordered requirements” (NeMoyer et al., 2014.) Historically, the goal of juvenile courts is punishment, when applicable and/or deemed necessary, but also intervention services via rehabilitation, if it is believed that the juvenile would be receptive to treatment (Cochran, Mears, 2015.) Typically, juvenile offenses are…

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