Ir The Islamic Republic Of Iran Essay

1447 Words Feb 23rd, 2016 6 Pages

The Islamic Republic of Iran is located in southwestern Asia. Iran contains many mountains where most of its inhabitants settle on the edges. The capital of Iran is Tehran located in the Elburz Mountains. Iran consist of 77,555,000 inhabitants and is a unitary theocracy. The official language is Farsi and the official religion is Islam. The Supreme Leader, Sayyed Ali Hosseini Khamenei, head of state and government, is more powerful than Iran’s president, President Hassan Rouhani, and effectively oversees Iran’s economic, political and social systems. Iran has a theocratic form of government and a parliamentary system which is overseen by the cleric, the Rahbar. The legislature is a unicameral islamic consultative assembly. This assembly consists of 290 seats in which members serve four year terms and are directly elected in single and multi seat constituencies by two round votes. The Executive Branch consists of the chief of state, Supreme Leader Sayyed Ali Hosseini Khamenei, who has been in power since June 4th, 1989. The supreme leader is appointed for life by the Assembly Expert, who has the authority to remove him from power, and the president is elected by the absolute majority vote in 2 rounds. The cabinet consists of a Council of ministers that the president selects with legislative approval. All candidates to the Majles (parliament) must be approved by the 12 member Guardian Council. The Supreme Court appoints six members and the other six are jurists…

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