Importance Of Biodiversity Of Coral Reef

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Biodiversity of Coral Reefs
By: Ganesh Balaji

Ecology is a macro-scale science that encompasses all biological life. However, in order to fully understand the depth of ecology, and its significance in relation to life on earth, one must study the biodiversity of the species living in this planet. Although the history of modern human civilizations has largely ignored the importance and complexity of biodiversity, understanding the many layers of biodiversity will provide us with richer knowledge on how we can improve our own lives. Biodiversity acts as the principle foundation of ecology, as it serves as the link between the many ecological systems presently constructed on Earth. Essentially, the study of biodiversity has taught us that there
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The collective activity of these living organisms has unified the earth and all of its components, even the nonliving ones like the atmosphere and geosphere, and in doing so has created a singular ecological system. This unified ecological system has allowed for the success and prosperity of millions of living species over the course of millions of years through the process of evolution and natural selection. The biodiversity of species is pivotal in maintaining the balance of ecosystems; things like drinkable water, breathable air, fertile farming lands, unpolluted seas, and a livable climate are basically the result of the mechanisms of living organisms in earth’s history. With this in mind, it is safe to assume that we as humans can also have a lasting influence over the balance of the biosphere, and although it is difficult to admit, we can also leave a detrimental impact on the generations that follow us. Through the evolution of our own species, we have been given great power, and with that power we now have a greater responsibility in maintaining the ecological balance of life on …show more content…
Corals themselves are marine invertebrate animals, and the specific species of coral that are needed to create coral reefs are unique from other species of coral: also known as hermatypic corals. Hermatypic corals remove calcium carbonate typically present in seawater in order to form a hard and sturdy exoskeleton that envelops their soft interior. This exoskeleton is necessary for them to protect their sac-like bodies, with each individual coral referred to as a ‘polyp’. The presence of coral reefs is actually an end-product of a process enacted over thousands of years, as new coral polyps utilize existing calcium carbonate exoskeletons from deceased ancestors in order to protect themselves, and repeat the cycle by leaving behind their calcium carbonate exoskeleton when they are deceased. The life cycle of corals has effectively provided a habitat for other aquatic organisms, and as the decades continue to centuries and beyond the coral reefs grow incrementally, one exoskeleton from a tiny coral polyp at a time. Over time, they form into the massive structural environments that we observe in many of the world’s oceans

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