ISIS Case Study

1525 Words 6 Pages
Entry 1: ISIS beheading
The event reported in the BBC article (BBC. 2015) identify how terrorist groups performing violent acts claim to be acting in the name of their religion. However, it can be seen that the driving forces of their behaviours are more consistent with political goals and personal advancement. Hill & Kinney, (2007) argue that secular political goals combined with the strategic advantage afforded by terrorist methods contribute largely to the acts of terrorist groups. This theory is supported by the report, as it states that groups such as ISIS are not able to engage in military combat with armies such as the US and British armies so they resort to suicidal attacks (known as asymmetrical warfare). The BBC article depicts a
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This theory provides an explanation for the behaviour of ISIS members who often act in large numbers and are often seen wearing masks. Postmes & Spears, (1998) conducted a meta-analysis which revealed that soldiers that were identifiable acted more aggressively towards the confederate than individualised soldiers. This study proposes an explanation for the actions of terrorist groups such as ISIS where each member is given a uniform to identify with. It can be seen on the BBC. (2015) article that all of the members are wearing the same clothing which is synonymous with soldier uniform and the identifiable members conducted the …show more content…
The article by Chikwinya, (2016) documents an entire nation and the world becoming bystanders to political bullying and oppression. Chikwinya questions the leadership ability of the Zimbabwean president and why he is yet to resign. Editors, (2016) discuss the legally questionable activities of the Zimbabwean government in the election process. Winter. (2013) documented that the president lost a number of elections, however, in an attempt to maintain power, acts of violence were carried out on his opposition to discourage running. The bystander effect may provide an explanation for the lack of intervention by the citizens of the country and the United Nations hereafter, it states that a lack of intervention from other observers reduces the probability of intervention from any of the observers (Polanin, Espelage & Pigott, 2012). Fischer et al. (2011) conducted a meta-analysis which found that the bystander effect is exacerbated when there situation is dangerous, the violent history of the Mugabe regime has been well documented by publications such as the BBC, this poses as a valid explanation as to why he remains in power. This also poses an explanation for why the president lost the 2000 and 2008 elections as prior to these elections violent methods were not used ( Editors, 2016), therefore, the situation was not

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