Hull Dialect Analysis
When foreign learners come to the UK at the first time, they are usually surprised to discover that the native speakers seem to speak faster than expected and be different in many ways from the English the foreign learners have learned. It is possibly differences of pronunciation that will directly shock them, foreign learners may also pay attention to differences of grammar and vocabulary.
This essay will describe some features of the Hull accent and dialect. According to English Accents & Dialects (2013: Hull-or Kingston upon Hull, to give the city its full designation, which is the largest urban area …show more content…
Dialect refers to categories distinguished from each other by differences of grammar and vocabulary. Accent, on the other hand, refers to differentiation in pronunciation.
Standard English (SE) is that dialect of English, the grammar, syntax, morphology, slang and vocabulary of which are most widely accepted and understood. That means not only British can understand it, even foreign learns do.
i. Hull accent
Native English speaking residents have some form of regional accent. Regional accents are sometimes represented as, for example, ‘northern’ or ‘southern’ English, ‘Irish’ or ‘welsh’.
There is a map which shows a division of English accents into 5 major groups in the UK: the south of England, the north of England; wales; the south of Ireland; and Scotland and the north Ireland. From this map, it is clearly obvious that Hull belongs to Humberside group which is in the north of England. It is divided up into eight sub-areas. Some features are listed below.
a) /Λ/ is absent. Accents in the north of England are characterized by lacking the vowel /Λ/. Hull accent is no exception. For example, there is having /ʊ/ in both putt and …show more content…
b) In consideration of its geographical condition, the accent is typically northern which means that ‘/a/ and /ɑ:/ can be distinguished by duration alone, rather than by vowel quality’ (Hughes, Trudgill, & Watt, 2013). For example, it is hard to recognize the pronunciation of father and farther. "Car" is pronounced "cah" unless the next word begins with a vowel.
c) /eɪ/ is typically /ɛ:/ or can be a little closer at /e:/ (Hughes, Trudgill, & Watt, 2013, p. 108). For example, it is possible to speak neighbor, weight and pay some words like them instead /ɛɪ/ of