How Synesthesia Is A Neurological Condition Essay

782 Words Sep 27th, 2015 4 Pages
Synesthesia is a neurological condition in which one sensory experience is perceived in more than one way by the body. There are numerous forms of synesthesia, all of which involve different combinations of sensory experiences. Grapheme-color synesthesia is the most common form, with 60% of synesthetes possessing this type. In grapheme-color synesthesia, symbols are perceived in different colors. For example, the letter “A” is commonly associated with the color red among synesthetes. A pop-out test can be used to determine grapheme-color synesthesia. In this test, similar looking symbols, such as 2’s and 5’s or q’s and p’s, are scattered amongst each other. A synesthete would be able to separate the two symbols much faster than somebody without synesthesia, because each type of letter or number would be perceived in a different color. Rarer forms of synesthesia include sound-color synesthesia (also known as chromesthesia), where sounds and pitches are perceived in different colors; ordinal-linguistic personification, where personalities are associated with different numbers, months, days of the week, and letters; lexical-gustatory synesthesia, where certain words produce specific tastes; and auditory-tactile synesthesia, where sounds create sensations in the body. Other types of synesthesia exist, as there a numerous possible combinations of different sensory perceptions. For example, Sean Day, a linguistics professor at the National Central University in Taiwan claims…

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