Essay on Genetic Testing And Its Effects On Society

1792 Words Dec 12th, 2016 8 Pages
The topic of genetic testing is laced with controversy in today’s society. An abundance of well-researched and well-articulated arguments exists on each side of the discussion. It is beneficial that one considers both sides before making assertions in favor or against the institution of genetic testing. Some of the benefits of genetic testing include assisting doctors in making healthcare decisions, providing patients with clarity for an illness that would otherwise go undiagnosed, and screening newborn babies for specific diseases or mutations. Despite its benefits, however, there is a plethora of complications that accompany genetic testing. Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis, potential discrimination, and unnecessary anxiety and even depression are among the most significant disadvantages of genetic testing. My goal in this paper is to bring light to both sides of the issue and create an awareness of the disadvantages of genetic testing.
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) highlights the first disadvantage of genetic testing. Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis occurs when a couple with one or more genetic mutations will seek screening to determine which embryos will be transferred into the uterus to continue development. To ensure that their child will not be born with said mutation, parents will seek Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis. While intentions may be honest, this way of thinking encroaches dangerously close to eugenics: a social philosophy that advocates that…

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