Examples Of Social Institutions

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Question 3:
Social institutions are ways that society meet basic needs than can be better met collectively than individually. Family, religion, education, government, and economics are some of the main social institutions. Over time, society has discovered that these social institutions help people in a much more efficient way when they work together.
Why is education a social institution?
Education is a social institution because it better meets society’s basic needs collectively rather than individually. Education contributes to social equilibrium and meets society’s basic needs by:
1. Preparing the student for college and life by making you work hard, do as good as you can on what ever you are working on, and to persevere through stressful
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Teaching students rules and structure, teaching the kids to grow up to be law abiding citizens which keep people out of jail, which is something that stops people from being contributing members of society.

Question 4:
Conflict theory is a macro-theory. This means that it applies to society as a whole. It is based on Karl Marx’s writings. In this theory, there are tow groups: the elite and the masses. The elite get all of the good resources, and get to keep them basically by bullying the masses. Eventually, the masses get tired of it and they revolt against the masses which then results in a social change or a revolution.

Structural functional theory is also a macro-theory. It is based on the idea that society has many parts that contribute to social equilibrium. When all of those things function together successfully, then social equilibrium is met. If there is something that causes a dysfunction, then it takes away from the social equilibrium.

Symbolic interactionist theory is a micro-theory. It looks at something individual rather than at the society as a whole. It is how people see and interact with things in society. There are many things in society that represents ideas, this theory looks at how people follow those.

Education-
1. Conflict
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Symbolic interactionist theory

An example of symbolic interactionist theory in education is how the grades symbolize how much a person knows. Typically, if a person has straight A’s they are viewed as “smart” in the eyes of the education system. D’s and C’s result in the education system thinking a person is “slow.” Someone who has straight A’s is not always the smartest, they may just know how to study well or cheat. The person who has D’s and C’s is not stupid, they may just be bad in the subjects or have a lot of personal stuff going.

Question 5:
List, describe and give an example of three of the four principles of stratification.
The four principles of stratifications are:
1. Stratification is universal and variable.

This means that stratification applies to everyone no matter the gender, age, socio-economic status, culture, etc. The stratification will be different depending on the context that it is applied to.
Ex) The Buddhist religion has a closed system, which does not allow movement between the stratification, or layers of that society. So if you are born at the bottom, you stay at the bottom. But in America, it is different. We have an open system, which allows people to move up or down in the class or layer of society they are currently in. These both apply to every person that is in the Buddhist religion and every person that lives in the USA, it does not change depending on how much money you have or you age or

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