Evolutionary Debunking, Moral Realism And Moral Knowledge By Russ Shafer Landau

786 Words Feb 24th, 2016 4 Pages
In the article, “Evolutionary Debunking, Moral Realism and Moral Knowledge” by Russ Shafer-Landau, his goal is to show the arguments can be defeated and therefore moral beliefs are extremely practical, even if moral realism is true.
Russ Shafer-Landau’s article is about the evolutionary debunking argument that seems to have caused people to evaluate and assess moral realism. The argument is claiming that because of evolution and the influence it has on people’s moral faculties, it would be purely by luck that our aptitude of morality would actually be a reliable resource. Due to the argument, no belief is justified because any morals is destroyed, and therefore, since there can be no justified moral beliefs, there can also be no moral knowledge. Since moral knowledge is necessary to have a moral belief. Shafer-Landau first response to the debunking argument is that “warranted moral beliefs are immune to evolutionary influence”. He talks about specific evolutionary debunking arguments such as the Darwinian Argument, the Probability Argument, the Uncertainty Argument, the Insensitivity Argument, the Doxastic Effect Argument, the Empiricist Argument, and the Casual Argument. Though, he seems to focus on the Darwinian Argument majority of the paper.
The Darwinian Argument is ultimately what he’s trying to argue against in his whole paper because that is the argument that says if people have no moral realism then they also have no moral knowledge. The next argument is the…

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