Essay about Eating Disorders : Causes And Effects

842 Words Jul 4th, 2016 4 Pages
Eating disorders are extremely complex illnesses, arising from a variety of biological, psychological and social factors. “In the United States, 20 million women and 10 million men suffer from a clinically significant eating disorder at some time in their life, including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, or EDNOS (Wade, Keski-Rahkonen, & Hudson, 2011)” ("Health Consequences of Eating Disorder"). There are several types of eating disorders that have different causes and effects. Having anorexia nervosa for an extended amount of time has an effect on one’s overall being by affecting his or her brain, body, and relationships.

Anorexia is most of the time due to a psychological factor. It is caused by having a fear of food and/or the perceptions of one’s body. When studying the brain, doctors, surgeons, and psychologist discovered that the nervous system is negatively affected when one has anorexia. Some of these effects are: “disruptions in neurotransmitters, a shrinking in grey and white matter, nerve-related conditions, and a weakened response in the brain regions that are part of the reward circuitry” ("How Eating Disorders Affect the Neurobiology of the Brain."). “Alterations in Brain Structure in Adults with Anorexia Nervosa and the Impact of Illness Duration” also states: “Brain alterations have previously been associated with AN as a consequence of starvation, with underweight patients showing a reduction of grey matter volume and an…

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