Diabetes Is A Metabolic Disorder Characterized By Hyperglycemia Resulting From Lack Of Insulin

1879 Words Mar 15th, 2015 8 Pages
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from lack of insulin, the insulin produced is ineffective, or both. There are three types of diabetes mellitus: type 1 known as insulin dependent mellitus, which is the pancreas not producing insulin. Type 2 known as non-insulin dependent mellitus, which is the pancreas is able to produce some insulin but the cells are rejecting it. Gestational diabetes which is manifested during pregnancy. Within these three different types of diabetes type 1 is autoimmune and type 2 is usually found in obese people over 40 years old. Type 1 diabetes was known as juvenile diabetes or early adulthood diabetes. Being considered an autoimmune disorder the pancreas is unable to produce insulin. “Type 1 diabetes causes production of autoantibodies which kill the beta cells of the pancreas. This leads to a decline in and an ultimate lack of insulin secretion. Insulin deficiency, when more than 90% of the beta cells have been destroyed, leads to hyperglycemia, enhanced lipolysis, and protein catabolism” (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2010). By using insulin pumps and injections a person is able to monitor and maintain their blood glucose levels. These individuals are put on insulin for the rest of their lives and are monitored to make sure they are controlling their insulin levels properly. Once type 1 diabetes is diagnosed the goal of the patient is to achieve metabolic stabilization, restore body weight, and…

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