Deception And Its Effects On Human Behavior And Mental Processes That Can Not Be Deceived Regarding The True Nature

931 Words Dec 9th, 2015 4 Pages
Deception plays a key and controversial role in the ethics of psychological research. In psychology, deception occurs either when information is withheld from participants (omission) or when participants are intentionally misinformed about an aspect of the research (commission). This essay will explore whether participants in psychological experiments should ever be deceived regarding the true nature of the experiment. This will be analysed by discussing the arguments for and against deception using some controversial case studies in research.
Non deceptive methods of research do not always allow researchers to explore true findings. Deception gives researchers the opportunities to investigate individuals’ natural behaviour and mental processes that cannot be easily studied using non deceptive methods. This means that deception in some cases is necessary. In the early 1960s, Stanley Milgram carried out experiments that aimed to research how far people would obey an instruction to an individual with authority. The experiments formed one of the most controversial case studies in the history of psychology due to the use of deception. The findings were shocking but had an important impact on the understanding of human behaviour. The experiments showed that individuals were willing to harm others under the obedience of an authority figure even and some to the extent of killing an innocent human being. If the participants were not deceived in these experiments, the results would…

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