Characteristics Of Dystopian Novels

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A dystopian novel is an example of a perfect but oppressed and restricted community in which it is questioned by the protagonist and as a result it has gained great fame in the 21st century. A dystopia is a “bad place” written to frighten the reader and is known as “utopia’s polarized mirror image”. It makes a critique about a current movement, social standard or political system.
Dystopian novels have gained great success in the 21st century as part of the Science Fiction subgenre. Many movements, different types of literature and advances have helped writers make sense about the present and write about the future. It has also inspired other Science
Fiction subgenres by helping them mold and become more specified on their topic.
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Dystopias make you feel that society is an illusion, create fear and ineffectiveness and leaves no room for hope. These conditions were caused by the constant surveillance they were under, loss of individual freedom and creativity, and control of reproductive freedom. The citizens have fear and no clue of what might be in the outside world and live in a degraded state. The government might be oppressive and have control of all the economy including the black markets and the contraband but it always has a flaw. (Adams) Dystopian novels prove that a completely perfect society is not perfect. They want the goal of social perfection even though perfection does not exist and cannot be created. (Sisk) Dystopias have four types of controls, first the most common, the corporate control in which is made up of large corporations who use propaganda such as products, advertising or the media to control the citizens. Second, the bureaucratic control, society is regulated by a senseless system of government with persistent and harsh policies. Third, the technological control, society is operated by technology such as computers and robots. Last, the philosophical/religious control, ideology is enforced by an authoritarian government. …show more content…
The protagonist thinks that there is something wrong with the society where he/she lives in. They know and acknowledge that they do not fit into the ordinary or established life because they question the current social and political systems. For this reason, the protagonist rebels against the government and helps the audience identify the negative features of society through his or her point of view. (Johnson)
Dystopian elements can be found in books such as The Giver by Lois Lowry, The Maze Runner by James Dashner and Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury. For example, in The Giver (Lowry), everyone follows the same rules and wear the same things. This gives the feeling that everyone has no special treatment and are handled the same way. The community is afraid of the outside world, they believe it is death and they have no personal freedoms. Finally, people believe they are less important than their leaders and are forced to follow strict laws.
In The Maze Runner (Dashner), the boys inside the glade are being controlled because they cannot leave whenever they want; they have specific times to go into the maze and come out. They have no memories of their past lives, but only of their names and they are not even sure if they are

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