Criminal Court Process And Criminal Justice Essay example

1283 Words Jan 16th, 2016 6 Pages
There are multiple stages of the criminal court process that create a burden of proof that contribute to criminal justice investigations. Every court process begins with a crime allegedly committed to determining its legal status. Law enforcement and detectives determine if the crime was illegal or legal due to the investigations. They investigate a crime by interviewing victims, witnesses, and suspects. They also gather physical evidence by taking pictures, fingerprint, and DNA samples. The investigation provides police with a great opportunity to collect any attainable evidence and reconstruct a timeline and reenactment of the crime (Hartzell, n.d). The criminal court process is created to provide justice and protection for each member of society. This is accomplished by conviction, punishment, and rehabilitation of the guilty (Hartzell, n.d).
If law enforcement charges the case, a prosecutor issues a complaint charging the suspect’s with a felony, misdemeanor, or both. When someone is charged with a misdemeanor they also have a chance to post bail and released from jail. However, when there is a felony charged the person has to wait for their initial appearance in arraignment court. Furthermore, after someone has been formally charged with a crime or crimes the suspect makes an initial appearance before a judge. At this time, the judge describes to the defendant the charge(s) against them. In addition, the judge also describes the maximum penalty if the defendant is…

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