Coral Reefs And Its Impact On The Environment Essay

1652 Words May 5th, 2016 null Page
Beside from its aesthetic value, coral reefs provide a range of goods and services, which are essential to humankind. For an environment that covers less than 1 percent of Earth’s surface, coral reefs “produce an estimated $30 billion of revenue from direct use values such as tourism and fishing, and indirect use values such as coastal protection” (“Coral Reefs: Importance,” 2016). Reefs also provide protection to our land by “reducing the resilience of waves during storms thereby preventing flooding, coastal erosion and loss of property on the shore”. Not only do coral reefs protect our land, but they have also contributed to medical advances for treatments of cancer, arthritis, human bacterial infections, viruses, and other diseases (NOAA, 2008). They provide intrinsic value to many locations, in coastal regions around the world, they are historically intertwined into societal cultures. Their productive ecosystems also support enormous biodiversity; researchers have found that corals are home to one third of all marine species of fish (Holbrook et al., 2015). They contain more species per unit area than any other marine environment. According to NOAA, they support more than “4,000 species of fish, 800 species of hard corals and hundreds of other species” (2008). The world is extremely dependent on reefs and the values they bring; however, if they continue to be mistreated and threatened at this same rate, corals will not be the only ones who face the wrath. The…

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