Essay on Cognitive And Cognitive Behavioral Theory

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Cognitive behavioural theory can explain the aetiology of a number of psychological disorders. In the case of Molly, a 35-year-old woman diagnosed with schizophrenia a cognitive behavioural approach is also applicable to explain how the disorder developed. This essay will argue that both cognitive and behavioural models contribute to the manifestation of schizophrenia in some individuals and not others. This assertion is supported by vast empirical research on how both theories contribute to symptomology and eventual diagnosis. A discussion of the strengths and weakness of the cognitive and behavioural approach’s is also provided.

The cognitive model of schizophrenia provides insight into how some individuals develop schizophrenic symptoms as a result of impaired thought processes. The positive symptoms of psychosis are developed through cognitive and affective change or disturbed affect alone (Garety, Kuipres, Fowler, Freeman, & Bebbington, 2001). The first path is the most prevalent, whereby a triggering event in a psychologically vulnerable individual results in disturbed cognitive processing (Garety et al., 2001). Firstly, a decreased impact of regularities from stored memories on current perceptions occurs, resulting in unclear sensory input, thus disturbed awareness of involuntary material from memory (Garety et al., 2001). Secondly, the dysfunction may be problems with self-monitoring of intentions and actions, perceived as foreign (Garety et al., 2001). One study…

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