Cocaine And Its Effects On The United States Essay

838 Words Jul 29th, 2016 4 Pages
Cocaine, a highly addictive and euphoria-producing stimulant drug is derived from the cocoa leaves which are grown primarily in the South American countries of Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, and Columbia. Cocaine is a highly addictive drug of abuse. The drug is categorized as a stimulant; According to the Center for Substance Abuse Research, stimulants heighten the body’s activity, including increases in energy, alertness, heart rate, and blood pressure. Ancient South American cultures chewed the leaves to get their hearts racing and speed their breathing to counter the effects of living high in the mountains where the air is thin. Subsequently, later Inca and Aztec cultures also embraced the cocoa leave and would chew the leaves in everyday activities and religious ceremonies. The drug first made its appearance in the United States in the late 1800’s as a surgical anesthetic, and as we know, an ingredient for Coca-Cola. Over the course of the early 1900’s it became evident, that that people were abusing the drug and becoming addicted to it and eventually the US government banned the drug in 1914 What causes cocaine addiction? According to the Acadiana Addiction Center, there are several factors that can cause cocaine addictions, such as genetics, environmental, biological, and psychological. Genetically; research has shown that individuals who have relatives that have an addiction problem are more likely at develop an addiction. Biological; changes in the structure…

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