Essay on Children 's Early Childhood Development
Before a child enters school, the child has some knowledge of language and how words work. Children are innately curious and teachers in early childhood programs need to foster children’s early literary through research based, developmentally appropriate literacy activities that fosters the essential skills that students need in order to build the foundation for learning to read. A huge component of this type of instruction is phonological awareness, which is an umbrella terms that encompasses word in sentences, syllables, onset-rime, alliteration, and phonemic awareness. Phonemic awareness is isolating the phoneme (smallest unit of sound) in words. These skills are crucial to a child’s early reading success (Roskos, 2003).
Essentials of Early Literacy
In a child enters an early childhood setting, instruction should begin immediately into teaching children the foundations for literacy development. According to Cooter & Reutzel, “for students to use reading and writing skills, they must first develop phonemic awareness,” (Cooter & Reutzel, 2016, p.115). According to Roskos (2003) there are eight strategies that should be implemented in order to help children learn to develop early literacy skills. These skills include rich teacher talk, where teachers are engaging students in small group or large group conversations. Teachers can extend a student’s thought process and vocabulary by making sentences longer and grammatically correct. Teacher can also prompt…