Body Fat and Eating Disorders Paper

710 Words Dec 10th, 2012 3 Pages
Obesity in the United States and worldwide has risen steadily, and alarmingly, since 1960 which has led medical and public health officials to call the situation an epidemic. To further understand obesity we must first look at body composition. Body weight is the sum of the weight of the fat and the weight of the lean body mass. Lean body mass is comprised of all the nonfat body components including muscle, bone, and internal organs. Body composition then is the proportion of body weight that is fat compared to lean. Having a high body weight can be attributed to large muscles or excess fat. A high body weight due to excess fat increases the risk of chronic health problems which can include high blood pressure and cholesterol, heart …show more content…
Some of that has to do with the availability of food being more convenient than ever. There is an abundance of 24-hour stores and restaurants that are serving larger and larger portions. Additionally people are eating beyond when they feel full and letting their appetite control what they eat instead of hunger. As well as eating more, most Americans are exercising less (Grosvenor,M. & Smolin, L., 2006). An eating disorder can develop when a person becomes overly concerned with eating, food, and body size and shape. There are three categories of eating disorders; anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder. Anorexia nervosa is the desire to be thin which causes individuals to reduce their food intake. The physical symptoms of anorexia are the same as starvation. These symptoms start with weight loss and include wasting of muscles, flaking and peeling skin, dry thin brittle hair that can fall out, and inflammation and swelling of the lips. Anorexia also affects mental function causing the person to become apathetic, exhausted, and depressed. Treatment for anorexia includes treating the psychological issues while restoring physical and nutritional deficiencies that starvation has caused. Bulimia nervosa is characterized by episodes of binge eating that are followed closely by purging and other compensatory behaviors. Bulimia is broken into two categories; purging and nonpurging

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