Black Death In Medieval Europe

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The Black Death killed one third of Medieval Europe. Millions were killed and the disease began to affect other areas of life. Social standings shifted, the economy weakened and the relationship between the people and the church deteriorated. The consequences and destruction the Black Death had caused was felt long after t had rampaged through Europe.

The Black Death arrived in Europe by sea in October 1347 when 12 Genoese trading ships docked at the Sicilian port of Messina ( soon after its arrival, the Black Death killed a large majority of Medieval Europe’s population. It passed through cities and towns via trade routes and people called flagellants who went from place to place whipping themselves. The realisation that poor sanitation and lack of medicinal knowledge was the cause of the spreading disease did not occur to Medieval Europe until after two thirds of the population had died.
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In the wake of the black death, peasants were an almost extinct race and were in high demand. Because of the lack of peasants, wages were increased radically and serfs were no longer tied to one master – if a surf decided to leave his master, another one instantly employ him. The way masters treated their serfs also improved. They were given more rights, such as land privileges and better treatment. Because of the abrupt decline in existing laborers, the prices of wages skyrocketed as landlords tried to lure workers to their fields. Workers also fought for the right to greater earnings. Skilled craftsmen and labourers were in short supply and could jostle for more. The land and ownings of a person were split between the male heirs of the family but because of the rapid rate of death due the too Black Death, there were not as many male heirs as there was land. Land dividings got bigger and bigger, giving merchants and craftsmen more

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