Bipolar Disorder Case Study

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INTRODUCTION Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that causes shifts in mood, energy, and/or activity levels. To put it simply, to carry out day to day activities can become more of a borden with the fluctuation of different moods. People who are diagnosed with bipolar disorder experience “manic” or “depressive” episodes. Manic episodes are characterized as feeling very “up”, “high” or euphoric. People who are experiencing this episode tend to talk rather quickly about different subjects to stay on the same tract as their thoughts running in their heads. They experience a boost of high energy. It may seem like it’s not something can be harmful, but without the right treatment it can lead to risky behavior. Depressive episodes have the opposite …show more content…
The chances of developing bipolar disorder are increased if the person’s family have the disorder. Identical twins have a 40-70% of have having bipolar if one twin is diagnosed. Not to be confused; it is not hereditary. There is only an increase of the chance of developing bipolar if the person have a parent or sibling who has been diagnosed with the disorder. (MD. Hirsh, 2014) A stressful event can trigger the first manic or depressive episode that can lead to bipolar. If someone lives an unhealthy lifestyle i.e. drug use. The constant use of drugs can be another trigger that can lead to bipolar disorder.
The brain is the part of the nervous system that is affected by bipolar disorder. Researchers have identified slight differences in the average size of some brain structures in people with bipolar disorder. While the brain structure alone does not cause the disorder. There are some conditions in which damaged brain tissue can cause a person to inherit bipolar disorder. In some cases, concussions and traumatic head injuries can increase the risk of developing bipolar disorder. (NAMI,
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Similar to taking medications; there is a variety of therapies offered to people diagnosed with bipolar. Cognitive behavioral therapy is identifying unhealthy, negative beliefs and behaviors and replacing them with healthy, positive ones. It helps to identify what triggers bipolar episodes. Psychoeducation is counseling to help people learn about bipolar disorder. It can help people and their loved ones understand bipolar disorder. Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT) focuses on the stabilization of daily rhythms. A consistent routine allows for better mood management. People with bipolar disorder may benefit from establishing a daily routine for sleep, diet and exercise. (Mayo Clinic,

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