What Are Genetically Modified Organisms?

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Background info on GMO’s

Every plant and animal is made of cells, each of these has a center, which is called a nucleus. Inside every nucleus there are strands of DNA, half of which are inherited from the mother and the other half from the father. Short sequences/segments of this are called genes. Genes provide instructions for making proteins, and proteins determine the structure and function of each cell in the body. Because of this it results in the characteristics that an organism has and presents. According to the “Institute for Responsible Technology” (IRT) it is said that “living organisms have natural barriers to protect themselves against the introduction of DNA from a different species, genetic engineers must force the DNA from one
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This results in transgenic organisms also called genetically modified organisms (GMOs) which are defined as: “organisms that are genetically altered by humans” according to “Biology for a Changing World with Physiology” written by Shuster, Sinha, Tontonoz, and Vigna. More often than not, scientists modify the genes of organisms in order to enhance or reduce the quality of a gene, so that organism to thrive in the environment it habitats. This can be seen in animals, agricultural crops, and even during medical use. A great example of this is used by Shaster, Transgenic crops such as corn and soybeans, usually contain genes for natural pesticides which help the plants fight pests and reduce the amount of pesticide a farmer must use. Other varieties contain pesticide genes, which allow farmers to spray pesticides in fields to kill weeds but in return don 't kill the crops being produced. This is a few examples, although there are many more. Over all when GMO’s first started, there seemed to be an overwhelming positive attitude towards them, until the mid to late 90’s. Sylvie Bonny explains in here article “Will biotechnology lead to more sustainable …show more content…
Yes, GMO seeds will help them yield more crops but only for a little while, because of cross pollination the pesticide resistant crops soon will share that strength with other weeds and unnecessary plants that the farmers does not want that in turn prevents them from having a good harvest. Also when this happens farmers are being forced to use more than usual pesticides to try to fight these weeds that are now immune to the usual dosage of pesticides. As a result from this, farmers are having to spend way more money than they were originally (Royte). Poor farmers cannot afford to do this, which detrimentally hurts their financial situation. If farmers are having to spend more money on growing and maintaining their corps then they are going to have to raise their prices to make ends meet, but if their prices are high while other competitors prices are lower than that is going to cause to lose business or go out of

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