Asthma Essay

1136 Words Nov 29th, 2013 5 Pages

Introduction In today's society children are faced with many problems in their day to day life. However, there is one disorder that affects many children and can be potentially fatal if not caught and treated correctly. This disorder is call asthma. The National Center for Biotechnology Information defines asthma as, "Asthma is a disorder that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightening, and coughing." Asthma mostly effects younger boys and effects adult women more than adult males. In the United States there are around 18.7 million children that have some type of asthma, which is about every 1 and 12. The number of people diagnosed with asthma grew by 4.3
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Obesity affects the lungs and is very strongly associated with breathing disorders because of the mechanical effect of central body fat on the airways, meaning that excessive body fat restricts the free movement of air and compresses the lungs. Such narrowing is caused by the reduction of bronchial smooth muscle expansion from a lack of deep breathing as a result of a restrictive lung pattern and obesity, thereby predisposing the child to asthma development. This alone can cause the person to become asthmatic. This is a deadly cycle and without the correct medication and exercise children could die from this disorder.
Research and Treatment Research shows that, childhood asthma has sky-rocketed in inner cities. Asthma disproportionately strikes the poor, who are at least 50 percent more likely to have the disease than those not living in poverty. While the reasons are not completely clear, research by the Environmental Protection Agency and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention demonstrates that a combination of poverty-related issues trigger attacks. Research also shows that because of asthma, children miss approximately 13 million school days per year. Poor children, already at risk for failure, are therefore more likely to fall even farther behind in their schoolwork. Adults miss over 10 million work days a year, however asthma is more common in children most of the deaths occur with adults.

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