Aristotle 's Views On The Politics Essay

2140 Words Dec 7th, 2016 9 Pages
In book 1 of the Politics, Aristotle states that he beginning at the 'beginning ' (1252a24) by exploring the various theories on the construction of the ideal polis, or state. He proceeds to claim that the state is natural, in that it represents the completion of its constituent associations ' journey towards their ends, or telei. He also claims that 'man is by nature a political animal ' (1253a1), and that the koinonia, or political arena, of the state is necessary for man to realise their fullest potential. For Aristotle, 'nature ' is the internal movement of a thing towards a telos; this is in contrast to 'convention ', which is the external imposition of an end upon something. A telos is a primordial purpose or end that makes a thing whole and complete; it is therefore crucial to acknowledge that Aristotle 's natural teleology underpins his analysis of both man and the state throughout the Politics as he tries to discover how men may attain the 'good life ' (1252b27). The state as a natural creation - versus the state as a conventional creation - was a nuanced part of general fifth and fourth century discussion regarding the relative importance of nomos, law, and phusis, nature, and the repeated emphasis Aristotle places on the state 's being natural is indicative of the significance of this ongoing debate. In declaring that the state is a product of nature, Aristotle provides its foundation and legitimacy; he renders the placement of all its parts – the people and…

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