Essay about Aristotle 's Views On Politics

1168 Words Oct 12th, 2016 5 Pages
One of Aristotle’s most famous claims, in his discussion on politics, is that “a human being is by nature an animal meant for a city” (Aristotle 4). By this, he is asserting that human beings are naturally destined to live their best life in an independent political association of some sort, among and in cooperation with other humans. The main reasoning for this assertion is the natural inherent necessity for other humans that human beings require. The primary purpose of humans, in Aristotle’s view, is to become self-sufficient. As Aristotle defines it, self-sufficiency is the natural best end for human beings. In Aristotle’s philosophy, the city is what accomplishes a complete self-sufficiency, and as such this is what he bases his claim that human beings naturally live their best life in a city. Aristotle cleverly anticipates an opposing argument that there are many animals in nature that seem to live just fine without an organized political body. He refutes this counter-argument by pointing out that humans are the only animals capable of reasoned speech given by nature. Because, as Aristotle says, nothing done by nature is without purpose, humans alone have been granted the ability to discuss amongst themselves what is just and unjust and it is with this ability the necessity arises for a political city for human beings to live their natural best life. In The Prince, Machiavelli is similar in his approach to political science in that he also analyzes what is necessary.…

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