Essay on Analytical Report

8365 Words Apr 20th, 2011 34 Pages
Eng 209/WI

Writing Informational and Analytical Reports

1.0 Applying the Writing Process to Prepare Business Reports
Reports play a significant role in the careers of all business professionals. Reports fall into three basic categories: Informational reports offer data, facts, feedback, and other types of information, without analysis or recommendations. Analytical reports offer both information and analysis, and they can also include recommendations. Proposals (in our next module) offer structured persuasion for internal or external audiences. The nature of these reports varies widely, from one-page trip reports that follow a standard format to detailed business plans and proposals that can run hundreds of pages. No matter what the
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In addition to considering your purpose carefully, you will also want to prepare a work plan for most reports and proposals in order to make the best use of your time. For simpler reports, the work plan can be an informal list of tasks and a simple schedule. However, if you're preparing a lengthy report, particularly when you're collaborating with others, you'll want to develop a more detailed work plan. Such a plan might include the following elements: Statement of the problem or opportunity (for analytical reports and proposals) Statement of the purpose and scope of your investigation Discussion of the tasks that need to be accomplished in order to complete the report Review of project assignments, schedules, and resource requirements Plans for following up after delivering the report

Hurley

2

Eng 209/WI
Some work plans also include a tentative outline, if the author has had the opportunity to think through the organization of the report.

1.2 Gathering Information
The sheer volume of information needed for many reports and proposals requires careful planning—and may even require a separate research project just to acquire the data and information you need. To stay on schedule and on budget, be sure that you review both your statement of purpose and your audience's needs so that you collect all the information you need— and only the information you need. In some cases, you won't be able to collect every piece of

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