African Americans: Past, Present, and Future Essay

1991 Words Jun 6th, 2011 8 Pages
African Americans: Past, Present, and Future

Kenitra Evans

HIS 204: American History Since 1865

Lisa Burgin

February 10, 2011

African Americans: Past, Present, and Future

African Americans have been through devastating trials and tribulations before 1865 and so on. Freedom following the Civil War was the beginning to a new face in such a head strong racist’s community. Slavery was only the beginning to the issues and derogatory mishaps in African American history. As if slavery wasn’t enough, blacks were subject to lynching, segregation, minimal to non-paying jobs, as well as simply being put down for having a darker skin tone than “the man”. Although things of this sort occurred, it never brought an end
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This opened the doors for African Americans to receive the same education as the whites and to make more of their freedom. The Freedom’s Bureau really helped to shape the black community in a time where very few people were willing to assist. In the year 1866, a Freedom’s Bureau school opened in Austin and was the first one in Austin to open for African Americans.

Although African Americans were free, they still experienced unequal rights made by congress. Being unable to vote and having rights as an American citizen was basically nonexistent to the black community. In response to this issue the Fourteenth Amendment was established in 1868. The Fourteenth Amendment was something that stated that everyone born in the United States or resigned in the United States was subject to equal rights. This amendment was in combination of civil rights and citizenship. This made everyone equal despite their race, although blacks were still discriminated against in most areas. In the year 1870, the Fifteenth Amendment was established, which gave African Americans the right to vote. In that same year the first African American senator was elected. Hiram Revels became the first senator out of Mississippi and made history. Along with Revels becoming the first African American senator, sixteen African Americans served in Congress and about six hundred served in states legislator during reconstruction.

Howard University was the first African

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