Essay on Affirmative Action : Education And Employment Opportunities

778 Words Dec 6th, 2016 4 Pages
“In institutions of higher education, affirmative action refers to admission policies that provide equal access to education for those groups that have been historically excluded or underrepresented, such as women and minorities. Affirmative action is an outcome of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement, intended to provide equal opportunities for members of minority groups and women in education and employment” (NCOSL).
Affirmative action policies, at first were established in order to improve the lives and opportunities presented to the African American community in regards to education and employment opportunities. The Brown v. Board of Education decision put a stop to segregation in schools, but when it came to higher education, the diversity was lagging behind. Affirmative action, was implemented in higher education to increase the number of minority groups whom wanted to transition to that point m their lives. Pursuing something that had previously been out of reach to them. The Affirmative action policies were set in place to reach out to find minorities who wish to pursue higher education and give them an opportunity, that was not always given to them.
What’s the difference between equal opportunity and affirmative action policies?
Equal Opportunity policies “mean freedom from discrimination on the basis of protected classes such as race, color, sex, national origin, religion, age, disability or genetic information” (SFHRM). The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and…

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