Argument Against Affirmative Action

955 Words 4 Pages
Affirmative Action Affirmative Action first began in 1961 on March 6 from The Executive Order 10925 signed by President John F. Kennedy. In 1964, the Civil Rights Act made discrimination illegal for employment regarding to race, cultural background, color, or religion. Over the course of time, this began to become beneficial to a lot of people especially if they wanted a job because of discrimination and enforced diversity and giving minorities opportunities or chances. Even though this is such a positive that’s helping people who has a disadvantage, they are some cons. The other side of the argument believe that affirmative action put race as the dominant factor in hiring or admissions to colleges/universities. Both of my sources differ because …show more content…
The common ground they shared is equality of opportunity. I believe everyone like to have equal rights and a fair shot at different prospective. In one of my textual evidence, they disagree with the concept of affirmative action. I chose the scholarly academic journal article entitled “The Revolution against Affirmative Action in California: Racism, Economics, and Proposition 209 by authors R. Michael Alvarez of California Institute of Technology and Lisa Garcia Bedolla of University of California, Irvine. In this article, it states majority of the citizens of California approved to banned the use of affirmative action (Proposition 209). The authors conduct an experiment to see if the people who voted for this proposition were by race and racial attitudes. The authors had two competing hypotheses that they wanted to test which were …show more content…
In the scholarly academic journal article “Belief in a Just World and Attitudes Toward Affirmative Action written by Vicky M. Wilkins and Jeffrey B. Wenger, many minorities struggle improved because of affirmative action. I stated before President Kennedy sign the executive order in 1961 and the Civil Rights Act but this excluded women since they are also a minority. In 1968, women were given the same protections, equality as other minorities. “Being a woman and/or African American constrains both career choice and earning potential. Sex and racial segregation is present in the labor market, with women and African Americans being excluded from prestigious and higher paying positions” (331). The government acknowledged the difficulties that minorities especially women and African Americans faced but this is continually going on, still experiencing discrimination. Over the course of time some things improved and worked out for the better for certain groups. “However, thanks in part to affirmative action programs, women have made great strides in certain labor sectors. In 2009, women accounted for 51 percent of all people employed in management, professional, and related occupations, somewhat more than their share of total employment (47 percent)” (331). This is great progress for women but African Americans hasn’t made just as much progress. “In 2005, African

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