The second theory of underpricing examines the relationship …show more content…
The conclusion is that the firm could signal its value to outsiders by retaining its own shares. The percentage of shares retained by the original owners and insiders would signal high value. The hypothesis states that firms will intentionally underprice their issues to grandstand an IPO and to attract attention gained by the large first day run-up in the stock price. Hence, the degree of underpricing would be related to the size of the issuing firm.
In order to assess the theoretical framework for our research proposal, we have to divide it in two distinct parts: the theories based on asymmetric information, and the theories based on symmetric information.
First of all, in the different literature we examined, there is only a theoretical framework for IPO underpricing and not for IPO overpricing. The only reason for that in because, investors in an IPO will only be willing to invest if the share price is bellow the valuation of the issuing firm. Thus the possibility of overpricing is almost equal to zero, as investors will only look for “bargains”.
Theories based on asymmetric …show more content…
As a matter of fact, by allowing underpricing, issuing firms would give incentives to potential investors to buy large blocks of stocks. Thus a majority at the board would be easily found and would be beneficial for the firm. A clear majority at the board would permit a better control of the firm’s management team, and thus permit the firm to be more efficient over the long run.
6) Hypothesis development
Basically we examined several hypothesis about the reasons of IPO underpricing. We claimed that the high underpricing in different markets is not driven by insider’s selling behaviour. If the insiders sell a large number of their shares in the IPO, then they should be more concerned about the level of underpricing. Underpricing is caused by the high degree of riskiness of the issuing firms and by the partial adjustment phenomenon of offer prices to compensate institutional investors for the truthful revelation of their demand for the shares.
We also proposed that IPOs are highly underpriced if they are risky and if the offer price is revised