When the gastrocnemius and soleus which are located in the back of your calf, are flexed the achilles tendon pulls on the calcaneus or heel. The movement of flexion allows people to stand on their toes when walking, running, or jumping. Like all tendons the achilles can also be injured, despite its strength. Limited blood supply and the high tensions placed on it causes many ruptures.
Mechanism of Injury
Although the achilles tendon is the strongest tendon in the human body, there are still possibilities as to tearing the tendon. The most common MOI includes sudden forced plantar flexion of the foot meaning the phalanges of the foot are forced downwards. As well as forceful, unexpected dorsiflexion of the foot, which is when the phalanges of the foot are hyper extended upwards or towards the sky. The two flexions of the foot are opposites causing the same injury in different motions.
Signs and symptoms, A torn achilles tendon may include but is not …show more content…
Often times taking over the counter pain relievers are offered and beneficial. The immobilization factor is key to help the treatment process. Using a walking boot with a heel wedge forcing the foot into plantar flexion. Of course the nonoperative object is appealing to a large portion of people due to the avoidance of the risk factors associated with surgery, including infection, fluid buildup, and pneumonia. Nonetheless, a nonoperative approach increases chances of re tearing the tendon as well as increasing the recovery