A Tale Of Two Cities Literary Analysis

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Published in 1859, by Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities is a love story that focuses on both sides of the French Revolution and contains social commentary about the rise and fall of the third and second estate. Dickens, at the time, was influenced by Karl Marx’s ideals from the Communist Manifesto, published 11 years prior in 1848, which describes the class struggles between the bourgeoisie and the Proletariat. Dickens, influenced by the Communist Manifesto, wrote the book, A Tale of Two Cities, to warn the Bourgeoisie of the proletariat through his tone and foreshadowing of an impending revolution.
During this period, European countries were transitioning from the Feudal system to a capitalist society. the shift from guilds dominating
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Karl Marx and Engels suggest that a uprising will happen during their time period. In the Communist Manifesto, it says “The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Working men of all countries, unite!” (Marx and Engels 30). Marx and Engels are urging for the proletariat of their time to rebel against the prejudiced, capitalist society suggesting the revolution in the book was a model of a possible revolution during his time making Dickens warn the bourgeoisie of it. He also reveals that the riots will happen in all of the countries with a class struggle. In the chapter Bourgeoisie and Proletariats, Marx and Engels says that “the proletariats of each country must, of course, first of all settle matters with its own bourgeoisie” (12). The oppositions that are being created by the Communist Manifesto would happen in all countries including England. This scared Dickens and in turn wrote A Tale of Two Cites in order to warn the bourgeoisie of a possible revolution in England. Moreover, Marx says that the revolution would help the proletariat have a better life. Marx’s and Engel’s goal of a rebellion by the working class would be to eliminate the capitalist’s way of which “the labourer lives merely to increase capital and is allowed to live… as the ruling class requires it” (14). Marx’s overall goal is to eliminate capitalism that exploits the …show more content…
While comparing France and England, Dickens alludes to his own time period by writing "the period was so far like the present period, that some of its noisiest authorities insisted on its being received, for good or for evil, in the superlative degree of comparison only"(1). By comparing his time period to that of the book, Dickens is showing that the events in the book, such as threat of a rebellion in England is predicted to happen. Also, In the book, the French Revolution is believed to come to England. During the storming of the Bastille, “the living sea rose, wave on wave, depth on depth and over flowed the city to that point” (Dickens 213). The rising sea is a metaphor for the revolution coming to England, during 1789 to 1799 as well as in Dicken’s lifetime. Furthermore, the French Revolution is described as heartless. When Madame Defarge, The Vengeance, and Jacques Three are discussing in the wine shop, Madame Defarge plots to exterminate the Evrémonde including Lucie and Lucie 's daughter. The revolutionaries only need a slight suspicion to condemn them to the guillotine indicating the unjust system the peasants have created, to the point where they are killing a child that has done nothing wrong. Dickens is warning the bourgeoisie of a merciless, rebellion by the pro by indicating his own time period is parallel to

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