A Short Note On Pathophysiology And Pharmacologic Treatment Of Asthma
Definition of Disease Asthma is a “chronic inflammatory disorder of the bronchial mucosa that causes hyperresponsiveness and constrictions of the airways” (Huether & McCance 2014). The onset of asthma has the ability to be induced by a variety of forms: non-allergic (stress, anxiety, or weather induced ), allergic (extrinsic), reaction to medications, and strenuous cardiovascular activities (Lilley, Collins, & Snyder, 2014). Due to the lack of ability to breathe, the standard symptoms associated with asthma are tightness in the chest, shortness of breath, wheezing, and increased coughing especially at night (Marieb & Hoehn 2013). Asthma attacks can be categorized as mild, moderate, or severe. When very severe, asthma can have life threatening results. Normally, attacks are episodic, but airway inflammation is chronic (American Lung Association [ALA], 2012). Theories suggest that congenital and environmental factors make an individual more predisposed to the disease but there is currently no conclusive evidence. The origin of asthma is unknown and there are no known cures. However, proper medicinal education and access to treatment can regulate the disease. Individuals with asthma should take preemptive measures to avoid exposure, particularly with environmental factors, that may trigger an attack (ALA, 2012).
Prevalence and Incidence
Asthma affects men, women, children, and adults of…