A Research Study On Pancreatic Cancer Essay

1468 Words Apr 24th, 2016 6 Pages
When a person has pancreatic cancer, their alkaline phosphate, glucose, and bilirubin levels may be elevated. For a definite diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, a pancreatic biopsy is necessary. If the cancer causes a secondary pancreatitis, the patient’s lipase and amylase levels are also elevated. They may look at a patient’s blood clotting time because thrombophlebitis is a possible symptom. CEA, carcinoembryonic antigen test, may be done to confirm the presence of cancer as the normal levels are supposed to be less than 5ng/mL. To determine the size of the cancer, an abdominal radiograph may be orders. For a more precise location of the cancer, computed tomography and ultrasonography may be ordered as well (Williams, Hopper., 2011). They may also order a magnetic resonance imagining test for a visual of the cancer (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014). Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography, ERCP, is used to view the ducts and to collect tissue samples for microscopic analysis (Williams, Hopper., 2011). The ERCP injects dye into the bile ducts of your pancreas which highlights certain areas (Mayo Clinic Staff., 2014).
Like any form of cancer, pancreatic cancer is classified in stages. Stage one is the conformation of cancer in the pancreas. If the cancer has spread to nearby tissue, organs, and possibly lymph nodes, this is called stage two. Stage three is where it has spread to major blood vessels and possibly lymph nodes. The final stage, is where is has spread to…

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