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184 Cards in this Set

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Millipedes
Arthropoda, Uniramia, Diplopoda

scavengers, two pairs of legs
can produce silk
arachnids, insects
filter feeders as adults
crustaceans
adaptations for life in water
crustaceans
crustacians
two pairs antennae
ventral nerve cord
barnacles
dioecious, sessile, filter feeders
ticks
no mandibles
greatly reduced dermal ossicles
sea cucumbers
calcarious plates in connective tissue of echinoderms
dermal ossicle
sea urchins
skeleton called test
ticks and mites
arachnids
scorpions
dioecious, internal fertilization, live young
arthropod with no antennae
spiders (arachnids)
most numerous primary consumers in aquatic systems
copepods
most numerous arthropods
insects
human body lice
insecta, arthropoda
centipedes
predators, one pair of legs, chilopoda
starfish
asteroidea
aristotle's lantern
echinoidea
sea lillies and feather stars
crinoidea
present in asteroidea
tube feet, pedicellariae

NO test or oral tentacles
crinoid habitat
marine
not present in sea cucumbers
pedicellariae

PRESENT: nervous system, oral tentacles, tube feet, muscles
present in echinoidea
aristotle's lantern
test
tube feet
present in starfish
coelom
dermal ossicles
tube feet
leeches
hermaphoditic, secret hurdin
have a larval stage
annelids
bilateral symmetry
complete digestive system
closed circulatory system
annelid evolution
Polychaetes are most primitive. Oligochaetes evolved from freshwater polychaetes. hirundea evolved from freshwater oligochaetes.
oligochaetes
have no larval stage
commercial pearls
Class Bivalvia
ink glands and water jets
Cephalopoda
annelids
have metamerism
have coelom
NOT diploblastic
oligochaetes
monoecious
have clitellum
mantle cavity
gills in most molluscs
bivalvia
have two shells
cephalopoda
only some have external shell
gastopoda
garden slug
cephalopoda
octopus
mollusca
radula usually present
cephalopoda
best developed invertebrate eyes
radula
tongue-like structure in molluscs
cephalopoda
foot is modified into tentacles with suction cups
crabs
have biramous appendages
have ten legs
crayfish
have ventral nerve cord
coelom
segmented body
present in arthropods
sea stars and sea urchins
echinoderms with pedicellariae
excretory system
not present in echinoderms
monoecious
class turbellaria
mouth
undigested food in planaria eliminated through...
trematoda
fluke class
miracidium
fluke larvae, leave first immediate host
platyhelminthes
flatworm phylum
bird fluke
cercarial dermatitis (swimmers itch) from what kind of fluke
tapeworms
do not have a mouth
chinese liver flukes
first immediate host is snail
definitive host is human
human
definitive host of pork tapeworm
aquatic plant
second immediate host of sheep liver fluke
advantage of sexual reproduction
recombination produce novel genotypes for adaptation
phagocytosis
protozoan ingestive heterotrophs take in nutrients by...
euglena
trypanosoma
flagellated protozoa
protozoa
some have skeletons
marine forms are isotonic with sea water
ciliated protozoan
paramecium
sporozoan protozoan
plasmodium
ingestive heterotrophs
holozoic
sponges
filter feeders
aquatic
NOT bilaterally symmetrical
acchaeocyte cells
mesohyal cells of sponges that are specialized for reproduction, food storage, and secreting skeleton
choanocyte cells
primary feeding cells of sponges
choanocytes and archaeocytes
sponge cells that produce eggs and sperm
flagellated spongocoels
asconoid sponges
snails, flatworms, and roundworms (NOT jellyfish and sponges)
triploblastic
multicellular
diploblastic
jellyfish are...
polyp
sea anemone stage that reproduces sexually
sea anenome
coral
has gastrovascular cavity
cnidocyte
jellyfish cell with nematocysts
hydrozoa
portuguese-man-of-war class
cubozoa and scyphozoa
medusa stage is predominant form for these classes
symbiotic algae called zooxanthellae
cause of coral bleaching
ctenophora
comb jellies phylum
comb jellies
no nematocysts
roundworms that cause elaphantiasis
roundworms
live in lymphatic system
transmited by humans
cause...
phylogenetic systematic view of evolutionary taxonomy (cladistics)
accepts monophyletic groupings
Evolutionary systematic view of evolutionary taxonomy (traditional)
uses common descent and amounts of evolutionary change in recognizing higher taxa
synapomorphy
derived characteristic shared by members of a clade
fission and budding
examples of asexual reproduction
tapeworms
DO NOT have a mouth
NOT dioecious
DO require immediate host
nematoda
roundworm phylum
New World hookworm
Giant Intestinal Roundworm
nematodes that spend part of their life in human lungs
human pinworm
adults live in large intestine of humans
cook all pork
to avoid being infected by trichina roundworm
psuedocoelom, dioecious
characteristics of roundworms
renette cells
responsible for osmoregulation in roundworms
some are oviparous
some are ovoviviparous
reproduction in roundworms
also called filarial worms
also called heartworms
type of genetic drift
size of large pop is decreased to only a few individuals
bottleneck effect
homozygous
both alleles on a pair of chromosomes at a certain locus are identical
phyletic gradualism (rate of speciation)
genetic change occurs gradualy over millions of years
Carolus Linnaeus
developer of hierarchial classification system
macroevolution
level of evolutionary changes that result in new species
ingestive heterotroph
obtains energy by eating other organisms
Kingdom Monera
Kingdom that includes bacteria
histology
study of tissues
ichthyology
study of fish
mammalogy
study of mammals
charles darwin
wrote origin of species
eukaryotic
cells with a nucleus
ethology
study of behavior
population
group of interbreeding organisms of same species in particular space
genetic drift
cange in frequency of alleles in a pop due to chance
coelomate
body cavity is lined with mesodermal peritonium
deuterostome development
Mouth DOES NOT develop from blastopore
Porifera
name of a phylum
evolution will occur if...
small pop size
mutations occur
Phylum Chordata
deuterostomes(anus from blastopore)
radial cleavage
echinodermata (and chordata)
phylum with radial cleavage
stabilizing
type of natural selection most important for animals already adapted
allopatric speciation
when subpops become isolated and evolve different characteristics
diploblastic phylums
Porifera-sponges
cnidaria-jellyfish
included in kingdom protista
algae and slime molds
a postmating reproductive isolating mechanism
sperm can't fertilize eggs
ZOOL 1604
Final is worth 150 points
evidence of evolution according to evolutionary biologists
paleontology
comparative anatomy
biogeography
molecular biology
Hardy-Weinberg Theorem
DOES NOT state that evolution always occurs
Protostomia
mouth develops from the blastopore
Kingdom Fungi
organisms in this kingdom are eukaryotic, multicellular, heterotrophs
Protista
Plantae
Fungi
Animalia
includes multicellular organisms
Cnidaria
has gastovascular cavity instead of digestive tract
porifera and platyhelminthes
are acoelomates
Phylogenic species concept
even pops that differ in very minor characteristics will be considered a species
biological species concept
doesn't cover axexual organisms
postmating reproductive isolating mechanism
hybrids are sterile
sympatric speciation
occurs within single pop
the study of hormones
NOT entomology (endocrinology)
punctuated equilibrium
NOT evolutionary change over millions of years
outward appearance of individual
phenotype
study of past geological periods through fossil remains
paleontology
allele
the term for different forms of the same gene that occupy the same locus on a pair of chromosomes
tropical fish
poikilothermic and ectothermic
supracoracoideus muscle
raises wing, on ventral side
salt glands to rid selves of excess salt
why birds can drink sea water
all genes in pop
gene pool
NOT included in evolutionary theory
hardy-wienberg
common descent
multiplication of species
perpetual change
gradualism
natural selection
included in evolutionary theory
Cnidaria
radially symmetric
sexually, asexually, budding reproduction
sponges (cnidaria)
premating isolating techniques
different songs of songbird species, reproductive parts don't fit together
all organisms of phylum chordata have
notochord
subphylum cephalochordata
has all four chordate traits through life
four chordate traits
notochord
dorsal nerve cord
pharyngeal pouches and gill slits
postanal tail
neotony
reproduce in juvenile stage
shark scales
placoid
allowed elasmobranchs to get off the sea floor
heterocercal tail
oil-filled livers
cartiligious skeleton
bony fish characteristics
swim bladder
homocercal tail
usually have bones
lobed fins can walk on bottom
significance of porifera
multicellular, specialized cells
catadromous fish
migrate to sea to spawn
migrate to freshwater to spawn
anadromous fish
amphibians...
tetrapod that still needs water to breed
Kingdom Protista
catch-all kingdom, contains resemblances of fungi, plants, and animals
external, in water
amphibian fertilization
oviparous reptiles
lay eggs on land
NOT true of squamata
some have a carapace
vertebrate blood cells (except mammals)
nucleated blood cells
most birds
have internal fertilization
(NOT 'fly', or 'precocial' young)
bird lungs
expand upon exhalation
Cnidarian stages
polyp and medusa
class Anthazoa stages
only polyp
altricial development in birds
eyes don't open until well after hatching
mammals in Monotremata
mammals that lay eggs
geographical formations that enhance the study of evolution
mountains
oceans
islands
fossils include...
skeletal remains
mineralized poo
frozen creatures
site of final digestion in scyphozoa(jellyfish)
cell level
phylum platyhelminthes
flatworm phylum
spreads filarial worms
mosquitoes spread...
roundworm
triploblastic, billaterally symmetrical, unsegmented, psuedocoelomate, complete digestive tract
jellyfish
aquatic, mostly marine, gastrovascular cavity, radial symmetry
phylum annelida significance
metamerism
oligochaete sexuality
monoecious
Echinoderm frequency
phylum of common regeneration
sea urchin characteristics
tube feet
pedicellariae
test
spines
kingdom monera (bacteria)
prokaryotic organisms
cleavage of invertebrates
spiral cleavage (who)
mouth develops from blastopore
protostomia
adult anurians respire...
respiration with lungs AND cutaneously
scientific theory
has never been disproved
salmon are...
anadromous
assume breeding form
aggressive males during breeding