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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-human behaviors
-what people do?
-sense of community
Young's Definition of Religion
human transformation in response to perceived ultimacy

(human - we can observe each other/ transformation - you are going to change because of the ultimacy/ ultimate give you answers: moral code, purpose in life, who you are, where you're going, where you're from)
Luthern, Catholic
"deviation" - charismatic leader
statement of belief

Ex. Apostle's Creed or 4 Noble Truths
Myth-as "real" stories
function - give guidance, provide ethics, role model, reinforce gender roles
Carl Jung
Swiss; Behaviorist; introduced myths having archetypes
influenced Joseph Campbell who then influenced George Lucas
-hero on a journey
-old man
No: stealing, killing, cannibalism, incest, lying, adultery
-they hurt people and are causes of societal disruption
-keep society running smoothly
action that is repeated for the purpose of reinforcing belief tapping into "the ultimate"
Hungry Ghosts come out
Chinese believe on the 15th day of the 7th month what happens
Western Beliefs
-Time is Linear
-Role of Human is to serve God; created in the "image of God; finite
-Role of Nature- "stewardship"; property/dominion
-Exclusivity - yes
Eastern Beliefs
-Time is Cyclical
-Role of Human is infinite; humans are "special"; very rare to be born human
-Role of Nature- interconnected quality of life/interdependent
-Exclusivity - no
18th Century Enlightenment
science/rationality came about
19th - 20th Century
Karl Marx-economist
Sigmund Freud-psychologist
Karl Marx
"religion is opiate of the masses"
-rich government
Sigmund Freud
-Said religion is a coping device
-wrote "Future of an Illusion" and "Moses and Monotheism"
Why Religion Persists
-gives comfort
-sense of belonging
-gives identity/structure
-answers big questions/the unknown
Types of Religions
-animism (everything has a spirit)
-immanent (god is here/Eastern)
-transcendent (god is somewhere/mystical branch)
What did Freud say about religion?
It is a coping device
What is an architype?
old man, hero on a journey, shadow
eternal unchanging soul
What is a doctrine?
nicine creed

this is what we as ______ do
Karl Marx
religion is the opiate of the people
Founder of Buddhism
Siddhartha Gautama
4 Sights
old man, sick man, dead man, monk
4 Noble truths is dukkha/suffering
2.dukkha/suffering is caused by tanha/desire/grasping
3.stop dukkha/suffering by stopping tanha/desire/grasping
4.follow the 8 fold path
6 Realms
1.Devas (Gods)
2.Asuras (Titans)
5.Hungry Ghost (preta)
3 Branches of Buddhism
Mahayana, Theraveda, and Vajrayana
What creates karma?
What is no self?
5 aggregates
matter- feelings/sensations- perception, mental formation - consciousness form