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109 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
AGNOSTIC
"one who does not know" person who does not know for certain if there is a God
ALLAH
333-334
348
362-370
"The God" Arabic name for the deity used by muslims and christian arabs
ANCESTOR VENERATION
veneration of deceased relatives member of a family upkeep and care of graves mem. of names past generations and prayers and scrficines in honor of the dead
ANIMISM
the belief that all nature is alive and filled with inseen spirits that may be worshiped or placated see a soul in trees stones rivers heavenly bodies
APOCALYPSE
"that which is revealed" christianity judeasm, zoro, in 2nd century bce to 2nd century ce
books written in secret langauge and spoke about dramatice end of the world
ARYAN
sanscript "noble ones"
migrants that moved into indous valley from persuia in 2nd mill. BCE
ASCETICISM
practice of elf denial for various means for spiritual goals
ATHEIST
believe there are no Gods
BAALIM
247
fertility god for ancient canaanites

The gods of the Canaanites and Phoenicians who were condemmed in the bible. These followers built the Jews 1st temple
BAPTISM
Christianity intiatory ritual
BAR/BAT MITZVAH
jewish young men/women are rec. as adult members of the community
BEATITUDES
the first 10 versus of jesus' sermon on the mount
Characteristics of those who shall be blessed by God. Ex: Meek shall inherit the earth etc.
BHAGAVAD GITA
89-91
111-1112
song of the blessed lord epic poem of indian culture and religion
Postclassical Hinduism – teaches that people should perform the duties of their caste and avoid karma – open to a variety of religious expression – this makes Hinduism very tolerant of other religions – teaches that Vishu (popular Hindu God is a God who loves and is concerned about humans)
BLACK STONE
metorite stone in mecca the stone was an obj of vernation in preislamic arabia
BRAHMA
93
113-115
one of the 3 important gods in hindu worship regarded as creator of the world.
1 of 3 leaders - Gods of Hindu worship. Least attention paid to him – creator of the world
BRAHMIN
82-93
impersonal god seen as total reality in upinshads

is a member of a particular division of the Hindu caste system. Brahmin is also the one true reality of the upanishads (part of the vedas - India) – the only part that concerns itself with monotheism.. every other one is poltheistic –
CABALA
general term for mystic elements in judiasim.
400 skeptical definitions and essays on occult, paranormal,supernatural and pseudoscientific ideas and practices Judaism
CALIPH
successor of muhammad in leading islam at first "this" was for prophets of muhommand then took on role of dynastic political leadership
CASTE
77
104-105
race mult. clsses in which traditional indian society has been divided
CHANUKAH
271
jewish fest that rededicating of temple in 65 bce
CONSUBSTANTIATION
presence of the body and blood of jesus in communion
COUNCIL of TRENT
convended in 1545 by the catholic church to reform the church and oppose the actions of protestants
CROMAGNON
16-17
Wall Paintings

early human.. 25000-7000 bce

2nd of prehistoric people. wall paintings also had no written records, also buried tool with the dead, sometimes corpse was posed in a fetal position (belief in life after death – seeking rebirth)
DALAI LAMA
144-146
leader of the yellow hat group of the tib. buddists until the 1950's & spiritual and pol. ruler of tibet
DEACON
literally servant ,minister functionary of christian churches
DHARMA
duties incumbent on a person in hindu life based on caste and station in life
DIASPORA
250-256
scatterin of isrealites from their homeland 721 BCE
DIVINATION
prediction of future through various magical means
ECUMENICAL MOVEMENT
amoung modern christians attempt to minimize difference to achieve unity
ESCHATOLOGY
228
237-240
280, 343
doctorine concerning the end of the world
ESSENES
252
282-287
monastic jewish near the dead sea 1st century bce interested in eschatology
EXTREME UNCTION
roman cath last rite given to the dying
FAKIR
"poor man" member of muslim mystical brotherhood
FETISH
21
obj used to control nature in a magical fashion.
used in basic religions

refer to either the spiritual recluse and fierce eremite or the common street beggar who chants holy names, scriptures or verses
GHETTO
section of european cities where jewish people were forced to live
GOSPEL
283-290
"Good News" the msg concerning christ kingdome of god and salvation 1st 4 books of new testament. MMLJ tell sthe story jesus' ministry, gospels
GURU
140
159-161
hinduism connotates teacher in sikhism it means the leader of religion
HAJJ
337-338
346-347
pilgrimage each mulsim is supposed to take to the shrines in mecca
HARA KIRI
208-210
ritual suicide by disembowelment used by for certain dishonors by samari -belly slitting
HASIDIM -HIGH GOD
262
273
MOVEMENT FOUNDED IN 17TH CENT., IN POLAND - god is not to be found in research or in the tallim but by simple faith
HIJRAH
"migration" of muhommand and his community from mecca to medina in 622 ce
IMAM
344
354
371
to sunni muslims this erson leads community in prayer to the shi'ites this person was leg. successors of ali
IMMACULATE CONCEPTION
dogmas mary was born without the taint of original sin
KARMA
83-84
91, 118, 130
the indian thought that binds one through cycles of life death and rebirth

Indian belief that every act and every thought had a consequence. Either in this life or the next one. Life force of the body does not die but wanders across moving onto another life and body where it continues to live out past thoughts and consequences
KOAN
case study riddle or tale used by zen masters to bring insight
Zen Buddists puzzle made to bring about insight
JIHAD
349
361
arabic term - Holy War - meaning struggle can be from mission work to armed conflict

Not quite holy war. Struggle in the path of god.. kinda like terrorists, but not always inclusive. Struggle to build a mosque, struggle against human passions. Allah rewards both physical and spiritual struggles
KAABA
enclosure around black stone in mecca - preislamic arabia
KORAN
334-349
352-358
362-370
"reading" muslim scripture
KOSHER
"fit or proper" clean or acceptable in judeasim
KRISHNA
encarnation of hindu god vishu who appears as main character in avadghada
MAGIC
attempts to influence actions of nature by rituals, dancers etc. properly done will cause nature to react favorably toward them
MAHAYANA
136-146
"great vehicle" larger more liberal branch of buddism.
believe that budda secretly taught a select group of followers therefore now they were able to accept fresh interpretations of the Buddhist concepts. Thought the Buddha was more than a man. There must be many budda’s besides the original budda
MANTRA
ritual sound word or phrase used ot evoke certain religious effect
MANU, CODE of
classic hindu literature that describes life in india between 300 bce to 300 ce

Foundation work of hindu law
MEDICINE MAN
native american religious functionary whose primary task is to heal by religious means
MEGALITH
large stone monuments (stonhenge) apparently raised in connection with religiuos practices

Neolithic!!!
MOGHUL EMPIRE
muslim rule of portion of india between 16-18 centuries ce
MONOTHEISM
belief in a single god
MOSQUE
muslim house of prayer - church
MEUZZIN MUSLIM
one who calls the muslim community to prayer 5 x per day
NEANDERTHAL
predecessory of homo spapiens lived from 125000-30000 bce

earliest hominid to show signs of religion, used wood and stone for tools dead were buried with tools, no written records
NEOLITHIC
17-19
agriculture

late stone age era 7000-3000 bce when most tools functions were constructed from stone

Basic religion – after Neandrathal & CroMagnon. Also used stone tools and weapons, however, also used agriculture as a way of life, land ownership, because of this became very interested in appeasing nature, earth, sun, moon, stars. They were also responsible for the megaliths
Animism, magic, divination, taboo, totems, sacrifice, myths, rites of passage, & ancestor veneration,
NINETY FIVE THESES
95 points points of controversy submitted by martin luther as grounds for debate in 1517
NIRVANA
"blowing out" relief from life death birth cycle

In the Indian religions Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism, describe the state of moksha (or release from the birth death, rebirth cycle) and is spoken about in the Bhagavad Gita
OM MANI PADMI HUM
tibetian buddism chant that means om the jewel of the lotus humm...
PARABLE
short meaningful story that jesus told
PASSOVER
jewish - celebrated in the spring deliverance of the isrealites from slavery

Passover is the 8 day observance commemorating the freedom and exodus of the Israelites (Jewish slaves) from Egypt during the reign of the Pharaoh Ramses II.
Moses told the Pharaoh “let my people go” In order to encourage the Pharaoh to free the Israelites, G-d intended to kill the first-born of both man and beast. To protect themselves, the Israelites were told to mark their dwellings with lamb's blood so that G-d could identify and "pass over" their homes
PENANCE
sacriment of catholic in which confession and perform an act to show sorrow and repentance
PENTECOST
318
christian festival 50 days after passover celebrates the coming of the holy spirit to the church

One of the most ancient of Christian holy days. Commemorated the giving of the law on Mt Sinai after the exodus. Holy spirit sent the disciples gathered in Jeruselum out to preach their new faith… birthday of the church
PEYOTE
cactus plant - hallucenic used in religious rites in native american church
POLYTHEISM
belief in more than 1 deity
QUR’AN
literally reading of muslim scripture
RABBI
jewish religious leader.. master teacher
RAMADAN
336
344-348
359
month during which devote muslim do not eat or drink between sunrise or sunset

There are 5 things Muslim have to do to be good muslims – 4th is this – fast during the month of Ramadan
RITE of PASSAGE
any various rituals that mark phases in a persons life
ROSH HASHANA
270
jewish new year

1st & 2nd days of the month of Tishre (sept-oct) believed to be the first days of creation
SABBATH
jewish .. 7th day for worship and rest
SAMURAI
medival japenses knights

bushido is their warrior code
SEPPUKU (SEPPKU) (Hara Kiri)
208-210
ritual suicide by disembowlment

Practiced by japanese samurai warriors, bushido is the warrior code
SHAHADAH
344
creedal statement of islam there is no god but God and muhammand is msgr of god

There are 5 things Muslim have to do to be good muslims – 1st is this –
1. repetition of the creed – there is no god but Allah;Muhammad is the msgr of Allah
(others to know are )
2. daily prayer
3. almsgiving
4. fast during month of Ramadan
5. pilgrimage to to Mecca
SHAMAN
22
term from an indiginous lang. refers to one who is possesed by the gods and can therefore predict the future

Basic religion – in the peoples of Siberia one who can do divination – becomes possessed by the spirits and speaks messages to the group
SHI’ITE
236
371-373
muslim "the party of" group who is 14% of all muslims believe the ligitemate successor to muhammand was son in law & cousin ali
SHINTO
"way of the gods" native religion of japan.
polytheistic, animistic, ancestor veneration, reverence for the nation itself
SHIVA
78
93-95
most popular god in post classical hinduism - stood for death an destruction along with birth and reproduction

not in Veda literature, developed from the Aryan God Rudra
SIKHISM
156
an indian religion blends hinduism & islam
SUNNI MUSLIMS
most muslims are sunni tradionalists who aaccept traditional lines of caliphs
SUMMA THEOLOGIAE
massive systematic theology by thomas eqquinas which became standard for catholic theology
SYNAGOGUE
jewish church - assembly meeting of jews for study & prayer
TABOO
action that must be avoided because of harmful effects walking under a ladder
TALMUD
84
254-262
encylopedic collection of mishna germanra the literary source of post biblical judeasm - palestin and babylonian

is a record of rabbinic discussions on Jewish law, Jewish ethics, customs, legends and stories, which Jewish tradition considers authoritative. It is a fundamental source of legislation, customs, case histories and moral exhortations. has two components, the Mishnah which is the first written compilation of Judaism's Oral Law, and the Gemara, a discussion of the Mishnah. Exapnds the earlier writings in the Torah
TORAH
221
252-258
269
jewish - usually translates as law general term in hebrew bible.. 1st 5 books of the bible
Summary of the laws of the Talmud
TOTEMISM
ojibwa ototeman involves recognition between relationship between (certain animal) totem and people
TRANSUBSTANTIATION
the miracle change where the eucharistic elements become the body & blood of christ while keeping only the appearance of bread of wine
VATICAN II
council called by the roman catholic church in 1962 took broad steps to modernise nd mend relations with the jews eastern orthodox church & protestants
VEDA
78-81
108-109
basically collection of hymms to aran gods applies to entire collection of indian sacred hymms sared literature

Oldest sacred books of hinduis. Basic source of the hindu in understanding the universe. There are 4 basic books. Each is made up of 4 parts, includes basic descriptions and mythology of the various Aryan and preAryan Gods.
YANG
172
positive force in nature recognised in early chinese religion
YARMULKE
skull cap worn by jewish malesthat worship
YHWH
225-228
245-251
jewish god god who revealed himself to moses and became god of the iseralites
YIN
172
neg force in nature - chinese religion
YOM KIPPUR
270
345
jewish day of atonement
Day of Atonement – most important holiday of the jewish year. It is a day set aside to "afflict the soul," to atone for the sins of the past year.
ZEN
140-143
budism form of myan buddist that teaches real truth about life comes from intuitive flashes of insight
ZIONISM
263-264
movement founded in late 19th cent theo. hertzel.. find a national home for jews scattered throughout the world

Theo was an American journalist looking to find a home to the jews. Believed jews would never be treated fairly until then
Religions from India
4 types: polytheistic, reincarnation, seek release from birth death cycle,
1. Hinduism
2. Jainism
3. Buddism – also found in Asia – China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Burhma, Cambodia, and Thailand
4. Sikhism – only 1 God
Religions from China and Japan
polytheistic, animistic, ancestor veneration,
1. Taoism
2. Confusucianism
3. Shinto – also includes reverence for the nation itself
religions from the Middle East
monotheistic, live only 1 earthly life, divine judgement
1. Zoroastrianism
2. Judaism
3. Christianity – missionary religion
4. Islam – missionary religion
5. Baha’i
Judaism & Islam –
Founder and prophet of Islam – Muhammad accepted the Jewish bible as sacred writings – both believe in 1 eternal God and did not believe in idolatry
Judaism & Christianity –
The division was not the prophet.. Jews were willing to believe in new prophets, it was the acceptance of non-Jews into the Christian community who were not forced to follow Jewish laws – circumcision, or kosher food laws etc
Gemara –
Additional material (sermonic, illustrative, & interpretive) is listed under the title of Gemara.this literature dealt with every area of jewish life. Gemara & the Mishnah together became the Talmud
Basic Religions –
Neandrathal
CroMagnon
Neolithic