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65 Cards in this Set

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alliance
coalition of states that coordinate their actions to accomplish some end
-formalized in written treaties, concern threat and related issues of international security and endure across a range of issues and a period of time
coalition
shorter-term agreement (US led forces in Iraq
alliance cohesion
: the ease with which the members hold together an alliance
-high when national interests converge and when cooperation w/in alliance becomes institutionalized and habitual
burden sharing
when conflicts arise over who bears the cost of the alliance
-extended deterrence= strong state’s use of threats to deter attacks on weaker clients- US threat to attack soviet union if invaded w Europe
-North Atlantic Treaty Organization
encompasses W Europe and N America-26 NATO members possess noearly half world’s total GDP
-each state contributes own military units with own national culture, language, and equipment specifications
Warsaw Pact
NATO’s counterpart in E Europe during Cold War, Soviet led founded 1955 and disbanded in 1991
-US Japanese Security Treaty:
second most important alliance-bilateral alliance
-US maintains 50,000 troops in Japan w/ weapons, equipment, and logistical support
nonaligned movement
led by India and Yugoslavia
-Commonwealth: group of countries w/ historical ties to Britain working together
for mutual economic and cultural benefit
-African Union: has continent wide parliament, central bank, nd court
statecraft
the art of managing state affairs and effectively maneuvering in the world of power politics among sovereign states
-2/5 vetoes China used in UN Security Council were to block peacekeeping forces in countries that extended recognition to China
deterrence
uses a threat to punish another actor if it takes a certain negative action
-believe one party more likely escalate into war when conflict wear
compellence
: use of force to make another actor take some action
-harder to get another state to change course (compellence) than to refrain from chaning course (deterrence)
escalation
strategy used to compel compliance by another state- series of negative sanction of increasing severity appliedi n order to induce another actor to take some action
arms race
reciprocal process in which 2+ states build up military capabilities in response to eachother
rational actors
those who weld power while engaging in statecraft behave I their efforts to influence others
-unitary actor assumption/strong leader assumption: the actor exercising power is single entity that can think about action coherently and make choices
national interest
exercise of power attempts to advance interests of state itself
-cost-benefit analysis
calculating the costs incurred by a possible action and the benefits it is likely to bring
-game theory
branch of math concerned w/ predicting bargaining outcomes. Aims to deduce likely outcomes
-first used in 50s and 60s by scholars trying to understand US soviet nuclear war contingencies
-zero sum games
one player’s gain is equal to the other’s loss-no point in communication or cooperation between players because interests diametrically opposed
-nonzero sum game
possible for both player to gain or lose- coordination of moves can maximize the total payoff to the players
Prisoner’s Dilemma
rational players choose moves that produce an outcome in which all players are worse off than under a different set of moves
geneva convention
2+ states signed agreement how to treat prisoners
-rules diplomacy-diplomatic immunity
-US diplomats held hostage Iran against diplomacy
realism
emerged in opposition to liberalism
liberalism
influenced by Woodrow Wilson
-human beings basicall good people-rational actors
-when apply reason and common sense everyone can benefit--guided by altruism
Kellogg-Briand Pact 1928
outlaw war
idealists
see world way want it to be-ideal world, view human nature as naive- mistaken view
-motivated by power- contrast liberal views
-emphasis peace, cooperation, international law, need for security
-pessimist view of nature-people self centered
anarchy
lack of central govt. that can enforce rules
anarchical system of sovereign states
evey state sovereign but no higher force
-IR rooted in conflict b/c no higher authority enforce states
self-help system
states have to act in own self-interest
ideogical crusade
to impose views on people
-maintain based international failure
analytical tools
not problems w/ answers, not steps
-core ideals realists employ to make sense of the world
security dilemma
no world govt. international anarcy
-self help states run risks actions misinterpreted by other states
-function of anarchy
-hope realists have prudent leaders wont let escalates out control problem leaders want confrontation
balance of powers
1+ states power used balance that of another state
-state growing strength trying dominate other states
-1+ countries block state from getting too strong
balancer
countries A tries balance B
alliances
former more get involved
bandwagon
ppl joining larger group
blocs
nations balancing formal alliance (treaty), informal alliance
containment
block soviets from expanding influnce
systemic polarity
exhibiting similar powers/ properties in contrasting parts
-US side vs. Soviet side
bi polar system
US. vs. Soviets
mulitpolar system
centers power
neo-realism
1970s newer understanding realism
-rejected rule realists innately bad
-scientific rules-modeled on econ
-kept key premise international anarchy
bi-polar system
best system most stable form
-# great power conflicts=fewer reduces # great power wars
-easier operate system deterrance
-only 2 powers dominate international system, chaces miscalc + misadventure lower
deterrence
dont attack me, won't attack you
uni polar system/hegemony
stranges state has so much power international system, completely dominate rules which international politics + economics conducted
regional hegemon
india of Asia,
cultural-dominant ideals, norms
mass culture
cultural influence
hegemonic stability theory/hegemonic peace
if have benign, good hegemon, increase peace + stability on global level
near peer competitors
who challege US-chica
contemporary liberalism/neoliberalism
positive view human nature
-faith in huan reason- rational principles apply iR
-recognize individuals self-interested only up to point
-ppl share interests-can work together(mutually beneficial cooepration)
mutually beneficial cooperation
people share interests and can work together
blocs
nations balancing formal alliance (treaty), informal alliance
containment
block soviets from expanding influnce
systemic polarity
exhibiting similar powers/ properties in contrasting parts
-US side vs. Soviet side
bi polar system
US. vs. Soviets
mulitpolar system
centers power
neo-realism
1970s newer understanding realism
-rejected rule realists innately bad
-scientific rules-modeled on econ
-kept key premise international anarchy
bi-polar system
best system most stable form
-# great power conflicts=fewer reduces # great power wars
-easier operate system deterrance
-only 2 powers dominate international system, chaces miscalc + misadventure lower
deterrence
dont attack me, won't attack you
uni polar system/hegemony
stranges state has so much power international system, completely dominate rules which international politics + economics conducted
regional hegemon
india of Asia,
cultural-dominant ideals, norms
mass culture
cultural influence
hegemonic stability theory/hegemonic peace
if have benign, good hegemon, increase peace + stability on global level
near peer competitors
who challege US-chica
contemporary liberalism/neoliberalism
positive view human nature
-faith in huan reason- rational principles apply iR
-recognize individuals self-interested only up to point
-ppl share interests-can work together(mutually beneficial cooepration)
mutually beneficial cooperation
people share interests and can work together