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17 Cards in this Set

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Early people who obtained their food by hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants, roots, nuts, and berries.
Hunter-Gatherer
No longer existing or living.
extinct
Characterized by remaining in one place and not migrating up.
sedentary
A small, privileged group at the top of a society.
Elite
A system of writing that uses picture symbols for concepts, objects, or words.
Hieroglyph
An upright stone column with inscribed hieroglyphs used as a monument, particularly by early peoples of Central America.
Stele
A manuscript volume; record books kept by early Central American peoples such as the Maya and Aztec.
Codex
The landon a high, flat plateau in South America.
Altiplano
Bricks formed of mud mixed with straw.
Adobe
Narrow strips of land about 300 feet long and 30 feet wide built in swampy land and used for farming in Central America, particularly by the Aztec
Chinampa
A pact or union between states in a common cause.
Alliance
An Aztec settlement in which families of different social classes lived and shared the land.
Calpulli
A kind of tax paid in goods or services to the ruling government.
Tribute
The growing of crops according to the a lattitude of the land, particularly in South America.
Vertical economy
The building of raised banks of earth on steep land for farming.
Terrace farming
The Spanish term for conqueror used in reference to Spaniards who came to the New World in the 1500’s in search of wealth.
Conquitador
A war between factions or regions within a country.
Civil War